Moubray


Moubray
This most interesting and unusual surname is one of the earliest on British registers. Of French locational origins, the name holds some of the earliest claims to nobility in Britain. It was first introduced into England by close companions of William the Conqueror at his invasion of 1066, and they were rewarded for their efforts with large estates, particularly in the North of England. The original spelling should have been 'Montbrai' from the village so called in La Manche, Normandy, where they came from, however it seems the name was never recorded as such in England. This makes all the many subsequent forms of the surname as shown below, variant spellings, an unusual feature in itself. The name translates as 'the muddy place on the hill', a humble beginning for a name which has achieved so much. The surname is now variously recorded world-wide as Mowbray, Mowbury, Moubray, Mumbray, Membry, Momery, Mummery, Me(m)mory, Mulb(e)ry, and Mulberry, the move away from the original spellings over the centuries being truly remarkable. Early recordings of the name include Roger de Mulbrai in the 1130 Rolls of Whitby, Yorkshire, where the family held great estates, Paganus de Moubrai (1150, Oxfordshire), and Roger de Munbrai of Lincolnshire in 1185, both being members of the Knights Templar. Joseph Memory is recorded in London in 1584, whilst the Friary Rolls of Leicestershire include the recordings of John Mowbray in 1714, John Mumory in 1725, and John Membry in 1748. Amongst the many interesting name holders was Thomas de Mowbray (1366 - 1399), Earl Marshall of England, and the first Duke of Norfolk. The original coat of arms, granted in 1297, one of the most ancient ever recorded and predating the College of Arms by two centuries, has the highly distinctive and unmistakeable blazon of a red field, charged with a silver lion rampant. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Rodbeard a Mundbraeg, which was dated 1087, in the 'Anglo-Saxon Chronicles', during the reign of King William 1, known as 'The Conqueror', 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Moubray — may refer to: Moubray Glacier, Antarctica Moubray Piedmont Glacier, Antarctica Moubray Bay, Antarctica Moubray St John, 19th Baron St John of Bletso (1877 1934), an English peer John James Moubray, Lord Lieutenant of Kinross shire, Scotland, from …   Wikipedia

  • Moubray Glacier — is a rather steep glacier flowing south to Moubray Bay from Adare Saddle on Adare Peninsula. It is one of the main contributors of ice to Moubray Piedmont Glacier. Named by the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE), 1957–58 …   Wikipedia

  • Moubray Piedmont Glacier — (71°55′S 170°20′E / 71.917°S 170.333°E / 71.917; 170.333) is a piedmont glacier filling the north part of Moubray Bay, formed by the confluence of …   Wikipedia

  • Moubray Bay — (72°11′S 170°15′E / 72.183°S 170.25°E / 72.183; 170.25) is a bay in western Ross Sea, indenting the coast of Victoria Land between Cape Roget and …   Wikipedia

  • Moubray St John, 19th Baron St John of Bletso — Moubray St Andrew Thornton St John, 19th Baron St John of Bletso DL JP (5 November 1877 – 28 October 1934) was an English peer. He was the second son of Beauchamp St John, 17th Baron St John of Bletso and Helen Charlotte, née Thornton, and went… …   Wikipedia

  • Edmund Moubray Lyons — was born October 27 1819, the second son of Admiral Sir Edmund Lyons (later 1st Lord Lyons) and Augusta Louisa (née Rogers). Edmund entered the Royal Naval College on 1829 07 10. The following is a time line of key events in Edmund Moubray Lyons… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Moubray Cadell — (* 30. Mai 1860 in Crawhill, Schottland; † 19. April 1936[1]) war ein schottischer Geologe. Er studierte in Edinburgh und Clausthal und erwarb 1882 seinen B.Sc. in Edinburgh. Ab dem folgenden Jahr arbeitete er als Geologe am Geological Survey in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Kilt — This article is about the garment. For the acronym, see KILT (disambiguation). Kilts redirects here. For the chief executive officer of The Gillette Company, see James M. Kilts. The kilt is a knee length garment with pleats at the rear,… …   Wikipedia


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