Moss


Moss
This long-established surname, widespread both in England and Ireland, has two distinct possible sources as an English surname, and a further interpretation when found in the latter country. From an early date, Moss has been used in Ireland as a partial translation of the Old Gaelic "O'Maolmona", descendant of the devotee of Maolmona, from "O", grandson, male descendant of, with "maol", literally meaning "tonsured one", ut used here in the transferred sense of "devotee, follower", and the saint's name "Mona", from "Munnu". St. Munnu (died 635) served for a time on the Scottish island of Iona and then founded a monastery at Taghmon, County Wexford. The substitution of "Moss" for "(Maol)mona" is based on the erroneous translation of "mona" as "moorland, turf bog". The name is more correctly Anglicized as "Mulmona" and "Malmona" in Counties Fermanagh and Donegal. The christening was recorded in Ireland of Elizabeth, daughter of Michael and Joane Moss, at Holy Trinity (Christ Church), Cork, on September 14th 1661. Eleven bearers of the name appear on a "List of Irish Famine Immigrants arriving at the Port of New York (1846 - 1851)": among them Francis Moss, aged 21 yrs., who embarked from Liverpool on the ship "Cambridge" on May 8th 1846. The English surname is primarily topographical in origin from residence by a swamp or peat bog, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "mos", bog, morass, but it may occasionally derive from "Moss(e)", the normal medieval form of the Hebrew given name "Moses". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Almer Mosse, which was dated circa 1153, in the "Pipe Rolls of Norfolk", during the reign of King Stephen, known as "Count of Blois", 1135 - 1154. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moss — (m[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. mos; akin to AS. me[ o]s, D. mos, G. moos, OHG. mos, mios, Icel. mosi, Dan. mos, Sw. mossa, Russ. mokh , L. muscus. Cf. {Muscoid}.] 1. (Bot.) A cryptogamous plant of a cellular structure, with distinct stem and simple… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Moss FK — Moss Full name Moss Fotballklubb Nickname(s) Kællane (The Lads) Founded August 28, 1906 Ground …   Wikipedia

  • Moss M.A.1 — at Blackpool (Squires Gate) airport on 27 August 1949 wearing racing No. 26 Role light …   Wikipedia

  • Moss M.A.2 — G AFMS at Coventry (Baginton) airport on 19 June 1954 Role two seat sporting aircraft …   Wikipedia

  • moss — (n.) O.E. meos moss, related to mos bog, from P.Gmc. *musan (Cf. O.H.G. mios, Dan. mos, Ger. Moos), also in part from O.N. mosi moss, bog, and M.L. mossa moss, from the same Germanic source, from PIE *meus damp, with derivatives ref …   Etymology dictionary

  • Moss IL — Full name Moss Idrettslag Founded 1929 Ground Melløs Stadion Moss Moss Idrettslag is a Norwegian athletics club from Moss, founded in 1929. Moss IL uses the Melløs Stadion, which in 1983 got rubber track as t …   Wikipedia

  • Moss FK — Voller Name Moss Fotballklubb Gegründet 28. August 1906 Stadio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MOSS (R.) — Rosalind L. B. MOSS 1890 1990 Fille du révérend H. W. Moss, directeur de l’école de Shrewsburg (sur le Severn, Angleterre), miss Rosalind Moss, née en septembre 1890, a achevé à Oxford, presque centenaire, une exceptionnelle carrière de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • moss|y — «MS ee, MOS », adjective, moss|i|er, moss|i|est. 1. covered with moss or a mosslike substance: »a mossy bank. A wood of mossy distorted trees (Francis Parkman). 2. like moss: » …   Useful english dictionary

  • moss — moss; moss·berry; moss·er; moss·ery; moss·ite; moss·man; …   English syllables

  • moss — [môs, mäs] n. [ME mos, a bog, moss < OE, a swamp, akin to ON mosi, Ger moos, a bog, moss < IE * meus (> L muscus, moss) < base * meu , moist] 1. a) any of various classes (esp. Bryopsida) of very small, green bryophytes having stems… …   English World dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.