Miko


Miko
This is a European medieval surname of Crusader, but ultimately biblical origins. Deriving from the ancient Hebrew name "Micha-el" meaning "He who is like god", it was introduced from the Holy Land by returning warriors from the various Crusades commencing in the 12th century and which continued for several centuries with minimal success. During the period of the Christian Revival at this time, the name rapidly became established as firstly one of the most popular baptismal names, and within a generation as one of the early surnames. Part of this popularity was due to the conviction that the name was originally the warcry of the archangel, in his defeat of Satan! Over two hundred spellings have developed in every Christian county of the western hemisphere, and these spelllings include Michael (England), Michell and Mitchell (Scotland), Miell, Miall, Michel, Micheau, and Micheu (France), Michele and Micheli (Italy), Miguel ( Portugal & Spain), Miell and Michal (Poland), Michel (Hungary), with diminutives Michelet, Michelin (France), Misisch and Miscke (Germany), Michalik and Mielnik (Poland), Michaley (Czech), Miko (Hungary), and patronymics such as Michaelson, Mikkelsen, Mikhalkov, Michaeliewicz, and many, many, more. It was in England that the first recordings are to be found with Michaelis de Areci appearing in the Danelaw Rolls for the city of London, in 1160, although the first surname recording would seem to be in Scotland when Magister Michael appears in the register of Scone Abbey, in 1214. A notable early namebearer was Blaunpayn Michael, a Latin poet who flourished circa 1250, and was traditionally dean of Utrecht, in the Netherlands. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation, and throughout the centuries these have continued to "develop", often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Miko — im Kasuga Taisha …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Miko — Miko, Affe, Art von Uistiti …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mikó — Mikó, Emerich, Graf, ungar. Staatsmann und Geschichtsforscher, geb. 4. Sept. 1805 zu Zabola in Siebenbürgen, gest. 16. Sept. 1876 in Klausenburg, war 1847 Mitglied, 1848 Präsident des siebenbürgischen Guberniums und vollzog als solcher das Gesetz …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Miko — Miko, s. Rollschwanzaffe …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • miko- — DEFINICIJA kao prvi dio riječi označava ono što se odnosi na gljive, plijesan [mikoriza] ETIMOLOGIJA grč. mýkēs: gljiva …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Miko — For the European human name, see Miko (name). Miko (巫女?, literally shaman woman ) is a Japanese term that anciently meant a female shaman, spirit medium who conveyed oracles from kami ( spirits; gods ), and currently means a shrine maiden; virgin …   Wikipedia

  • Miko — Para la marca de helados, véase Miko (helados). Tres miko en un templo japonés. Las Miko (巫女, Miko …   Wikipedia Español

  • Miko —    A term used for female shamans (also fujo), spirit mediums or diviners, from ancient Japan to the present day. In modern times miko of this shamanic type (kuchiyose miko) operate largely outside the shrines as independent religious… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Miko — Las Miko (巫女) son sirvientes de los templos (Jinja) Shinto japoneses desde el comienzo del Período Sengoku. En tiempos antiguos, las mujeres que tenían trances y que transmitían las palabras de un dios era llamada miko, pero no del mismo modo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Miko — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Miko, de son vrai nom Michael Simeoni, (4 mai 1976 ) est un réalisateur et un co animateur de radio et de télévision français. Dans le shintoïsme, une… …   Wikipédia en Français


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