Astell


Astell
This interesting name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational surname deriving from a number of places similarly named. These include: Astle, in Cheshire, which means "the eastern hill", derived from the Olde English pre 7th Century "(e)ast", east, and "hyll", hill, and places called Astley in Lancashire, Shropshire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire. These places are variously recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Hesleie" and "Estleia", and the name means "the east wood", derived from the Olde English "(e)ast", as before, and "leah", wood or clearing; hence, "the east wood or clearing". The surname may also have originated from the Old Norse personal name "Asketill", composed of the elements "oss" or "ass", meaning god, and "ketill", a kettle or sacrificial cauldron. Locational surnames, such as this, were usually acquired by a local landowner, or by the lord of the manor, and especially by those former inhabitants of a place who had moved to another area, usually in search of work, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. In the modern idiom, the surname has many spelling variations, including: Astle, Astell and Astill. Recordings from London Church Registers include the christening of Agnes Astill on June 25th 1564, at St. Mary at Hill. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Simon de Astell, which was dated circa 1225, in "Episcopal Records of Lichfield", Staffordshire, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Astell — (spr. Ästel), Maria, geb. 1668 zu Newcastle, Tochter eines Kaufmanns, lebte lange in London u. st. 1731 zu Chelsea; schr. Mehreres über Erziehung u. Religion, bes. An Essay in Defense of the Sexe female by a Lady, Lond. 1696, u. Reflections on… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • astell — f estell éclat de bois …   Dictionnaire Breton-Français

  • astell — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Astell, Maria — Astell, Maria, Maria, die Tochter eines Kaufmanns in Newcastle, war im Jahre 1668 geboren. Eine sorgsame Erziehung brachte bald ihre außerordentlichen Talente für die abstrakten Wissenschaften zur Reise. In ihrem 20. Jahre verließ sie Newcastle,… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • ASTELL Mary — Mary Astell Une oeuvre de Mary Astell Mary Astell (1666 1731) est une théologienne anglaise. Elle est l une des premières femmes érudites à critiquer les théories de l assujettissement des femmes.Mary Astell a su mettre en évidence les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Astell, Mary — (1666 1731)    Mary Astell, the first English feminist, daughter of a merchant at Newcastle upon Tyne, settled in London. She advocated female education and vehemently condemned the inequalities of marriage. This brought her into conflict with… …   British and Irish poets

  • Mary Astell — If all Men are born free, how is it that all Women are born Slaves? Mary Astell, Some Reflections on Marriage Mary Astell (12 November 1666 – 11 May 1731) was an English feminist writer and rhetorician. Her advocacy of equal educational… …   Wikipedia

  • Mary Astell — (12 de noviembre de 1666 – 11 de mayo de 1731) fue una escritora feminista y retórica inglesa. Su vocación por la igualdad de oportunidades en la educación de las mujeres le ha valido el título de la primera feminista inglesa .[1] If all Men are… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Iglesia de San Andrés de Astell — San Andrés de Astell Tipo Iglesia parroquial Advocación San Andrés …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mary Astell — Une oeuvre de Mary Astell Mary Astell (1666 1731) est une théologienne anglaise. Elle est l une des premières femmes érudites à critiquer les théories de l assujettissement des femmes.Mary Astell a su mettre en évidence les contradictions du… …   Wikipédia en Français


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