This ancient English and Scottish surname was rarely recorded and never as a surname, before the Norman Invasion of 1066. Its popularity dates from the 12th century when returning Crusaders from the Holy Land gave it to one of their sons in commemoration of the fathers expedition. The derivation is from the Hebrew male given name "Mattathiah" meaning "gift of the Lord". It is first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 in the Latin form 'Matthaeus' and in the French spelling 'Mathieu', but neither of these recordings are surnames, but names of priests. The surname is first recorded in the mid 13th Century and early examples include John Mathows of Whitby in Yorkshire in 1395 and Hugh Mathewman in the 1379 Poll Tax rolls, also of Yorkshire. The final "s" where appropriate, is a reduced form of "son of", although curiously the full patronymic is not recorded until the early 15th Century when John Matheuson appears in the register of the Freemen of York in the year 1416. Captain Samuell Matthews was one of the earliest settlers in the New World. He is listed as 'living at the plantation by James Cittie' (Virginia), in February 1623, whilst Christopher Mathews was recorded as marrying Ellyn Smith on the 18th May 1642, at St. Benet's, Paul's Wharf, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Alan Mathew, which was dated 1260, in the Assize Rolls of Cambridge, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as 'The Frenchman', 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Mathews — steht für: Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Mathews (Alabama) Mathews (Louisiana) Mathews (Virginia) Mathews Heights (South Carolina) Mathews Mill (Kalifornien) Mathews Park (Kansas) Mathews Village (South Carolina) Mathews County,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mathews — may refer to: Places In the United States: Mathews, Louisiana Mathews, Virginia Mathews County, Virginia Mathews Bridge over the St. Johns River, Jacksonville, Florida People See Mathews (surname) Sir David ap Mathew, Welsh Knight Moses Mathews,… …   Wikipedia

  • Mathews — Mathews, LA U.S. Census Designated Place in Louisiana Population (2000): 2003 Housing Units (2000): 747 Land area (2000): 3.957435 sq. miles (10.249709 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.957435 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Mathews — (spr. Mäshjuhs), 1) Charles, geb. 1776 in London, wo sein Vater Buchhändler war; zeigte schon früh große Neigung zum Theater u. vorzüglich zur Darstellung komischer Alten. Seinen ersten Versuch machte er mit gutem Erfolg 1793 in Richmond, von da… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mathews — (spr. mättjūs), 1) Charles, engl. Komiker, geb. 28. Jan. 1776 in London, gest. 28. Juni 1835 in Plymouth, betrat 1792 in Richmond zuerst die Bühne und spielte seit 1803 in London auf dem Haymarket und 1804–09 auf dem Drurylane Theater mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mathews — (Mäshjus), Charles, geb. 1776 zu London, gest. 1837, engl. Komiker …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Mathews — [math′yo͞oz΄] Mitford M(cLeod) [mit′fərd] 1891 1985; U.S. lexicographer & educator * * * …   Universalium

  • Mathews —   [ mæθjuːz], Charles, englischer Schauspieler, * London 28. 6. 1776, ✝ Plymouth 28. 6. 1835; bekannter Komödienschauspieler (ab 1794 in Dublin, ab 1803 in London); veranstaltete in seinem Heim Einmannshows, wobei er sich als glänzender Parodist… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mathews — [math′yo͞oz΄] Mitford M(cLeod) [mit′fərd] 1891 1985; U.S. lexicographer & educator …   English World dictionary

  • Mathews —  Pour l’article homophone, voir Matthews. Patronyme Mathews est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Carmen Mathews (1914 1995), actrice américaine ; Eddie Mathews (1931 2001), joueur américain de baseball ; Fenella Mathews …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mathews — 1 Original name in latin Mathews Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 29.68632 latitude 90.54675 altitude 6 Population 2209 Date 2011 05 14 2 Original name in latin Mathews Name in other language State… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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