Mandel


Mandel
Recorded as Man, Mann, Manning, Manns and Manson (English), Man, Manon, Mannon (French), De Mann (Flemish), Mann, Mandel, Mannel, Mendel, Mendler (German), and many others, this is both a Northern European and sometimes a Jewish-Ashkenasic surname. It has several possible origins. The first being from the pre 7th century Anglo-Saxon and Old German word "mann" meaning man, and probably used as a nickname for a fierce or strong person or for a man as for some reason, contrasted with a boy. Alternatively the source could be from the pre 7th century English personal name "Mann", which was still in use in the 12th Century. Although the exact sense is not always clear, and varied by circumstances, it is generally accepted that the meaning ranges from friend, associate or foreman, to servant, but it also may be feudal and correspond to such a phrase as "homo Bainardi", the man of Bainard, one who owed Bainard service of some sort. Another possible origin is from the French province of Maine, as in Johannes de Mann of Yorkshire in the Poll Tax rolls of 1379. Other early examples of the surname recordings include Hans Madle of Ertingen in 1327 and Emanuel Mendel given as being Jewish, of the city of Linz in 1381. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of William Man. This was dated 1185 in the register of the Knights Templar, for the county of Yorkshire, during the reign of King Henry 11nd of England, 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as the Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mandel — (de) …   Kölsch Dialekt Lexikon

  • Mandel — Mandel …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Mandel — is the surname of: Eli Mandel (1922–1992), Canadian writer Emmanuil Mandel, Russian poet known by his pen name Naum Korzhavin Ernest Mandel (1923–1995), Trotskyist theoretician and political activist Georges Mandel (1885–1944), French politician… …   Wikipedia

  • MANDEL (E.) — Ernest MANDEL 1923 1995 Le premier engagement d’Ernest Mandel est particulièrement précoce: dès 1939, il milite au Parti socialiste révolutionnaire (P.S.R.), trotskiste. Puis, on le trouve dans la Résistance, poursuivant le même engagement… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mandel — m Jewish: back formation from MENDEL (SEE Mendel), assumed by folk etymology to be from German Männl, a diminutive of Mann man. It probably has no connection with the Yiddish vocabulary word mandel almond …   First names dictionary

  • Mandel [1] — Mandel, 1) die Frucht des Mandelbaumes, s. Mandeln; 2) (Anat.), s. Mandeln; 3) bei zählbaren Gegenständen, bes. bei Obst, Garben, so v.w. 15 Stück; die Großmandel an manchen Orten zu 16 Stück gerechnet; daher 4) ein zusammengestellter Haufen von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mandel [2] — Mandel, Eduard, geb. 1810 in Berlin, erlernte seit 1826 unter Buchhorn in Berlin die Kupferstecherei u. bildete sich später in Paris aus; 1842 wurde er Professor der Kupferstechkunst in Berlin. Seine Arbeiten gehören zu den vollendetsten in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mandel [1] — Mandel, die Frucht des Mandelbaums (s. d.); bei stückweise verkäuflichen Gegenständen soviel wie 15 Stück; eine große M. = 16 Stück; 4 M. = 1 Schock. – In anatomischer Beziehung s. Mandeln …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mandel [2] — Mandel, linker Nebenfluß der Lys im belgischen Flandern, 67 km lang …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mandel — Mandel, älteres norddeutsches Stückmaß zu 15, auch 16 (Großmandel) Stück: 4 M. = 1 Schock; in der Landwirtschaft ein Haufen von 15 Garben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mandel [2] — Mandel, Frucht des Mandelbaums (s.d.); auch s.v.w. Mange; in der Anatomie s. Mandeln …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.