Malthus


Malthus
Recorded in a number of spellings including Maltmaker, Malthus, and possibly Mawtass, Mawtous, Mawtus, Mowtass, and others, this would seem to be an English medieval surname. If so it is residential or occupational and describes a maker or merchant of malt and barley, or somebody who lived at a malt house. It is not generally known that upto late Victorian times only a century or so ago, most water was unfit to drink, and the brewing of "small ale," that is to say low alcohol beer was a very importrant part of the necessities of life. Everbody including children drank beer, and only the introduction of tea in the 18th centuries and hence the need to boil the water, created changing habits. Not surprisingly this is one of the earliest of hereditary surnames, and examples taken from authentic surviving charters and rolls of those ancient times thirty generations ago include: Hugh le Maltemakere of Berkshire in the year 1255, Fulk de Malthus of Sussex in 1297, and John le Malter, of Essex, in 1319. Comitessa Malt is recorded in the Hundred Rolls of Suffolk in 1275. She was a landowner in her own right, although whether her surname descends from Maud or Malt(er), is unclear. The spelling as Mawtass or a variant from that, is first recorded in the registers of the city of London in 1744 with that of William Mawtass at the church of St Catherines by the Tower. This was at at a time when spelling was still at best rudimentary, and local dialects very thick, often leading to 'sounds like' spellings and recordings.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malthus — prop. n. Thomas Robert Malthus, an English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in the means of subsistence (1766 1834). Syn: Thomas Malthus, Thomas Robert Malthus. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Malthus —   [ mælθəs], Thomas Robert, englischer Nationalökonom und Sozialphilosoph, * Rookery (bei Guildford) 14. 2. (nach anderen Angaben 17. 2.) 1766, ✝ Bath 23. 12. 1834; zunächst Pfarrer; seit 1805 Professor für Geschichte und politische Ökonomie am… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Malthus — MALTHUS: «L infâme Malthus» …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

  • Malthus — Malthus, Thomas Robert, geb. 1766 zu Rockery in Surreyshire, studirte in Cambridge, wurde 1799 Priester der Hochkirche, 1804 Professor der Geschichte u. Staatsökonomie am Judiacollege zu Haileybury u. st. 1834 in Bath; er schr.: Essay on the… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Malthus — (spr. mällthös), Thomas Robert, engl. Nationalökonom, geb. 14. Febr. 1766 zu Ruckery bei Dorking in der Grafschaft Surrey, gest. 29. Dez. 1834 in Bath, studierte in Cambridge Theologie, erhielt hier eine Lehrerstelle sowie eine geistliche Pfründe …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Malthus — Malthus, Thom. Rob., engl. Nationalökonom, geb. 17. Febr. 1766 zu Rookery (Surrey), 1805 Prof. in Haileybury, gest. 29. Dez. 1834 zu Bath; stellte in seinem »Essai on the principle of population« (1798 u.ö.; deutsch 1900) das sog. Malthussche… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Malthus — Malthus, Thomas, geb. 1766, gest. 1834. engl. Geistlicher und Nationalökonom, der in seinem Hauptwerke den Grundsatz aufstellte, daß der Pauperismus (Armennoth) von dem Mißverhältnisse der Bevölkerung zur Landesproduction herrühre, daher der… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Malthus — Malthus, Thomas Robert …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Malthus — Malthus, Thomas Robert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Malthus — (Thomas Robert) (1766 1834) économiste anglais. Son Essai sur le principe de population (1798) déclencha des polémiques. Il étudia également le rôle de la monnaie, de l épargne et des investissements …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Malthus — Malthus, Thomas Robert …   Dictionary of sociology


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