Matityahu


Matityahu
This famous surname is recorded in over two hundred and fifty different spellings ranging from Mathieu of France to Macieiczyk of Poland. From medieval times it has been recorded in every part of Christendom. Its popularity throughout Europe first as a baptismal name and then later as a surname dates from the 11th century when Crusaders, otherwise known as the "Knights Templar", returning from one of their many expeditions to the Holy Land, gave it to their sons in commemoration of the fathers (unsuccessful) attempt to free Palestine from the Muslims. The derivation is from the Hebrew male given name "Mattathiah" meaning "gift of the Lord", and it is recorded in the famous Norman-English Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Matthaeus' and in the French spelling 'Mathieu'. Neither of these recordings are surnames, but names of priests. Early examples of the surname recordings include Heinrich Matthaus of Uberlingen, Germany, in 1382, John Mathows of Whitby, England, in 1395, the patronymic Hugh Mathewman in the 1379 Poll Tax rolls of England, and a similar Clewi Mathisen of Freiburg, Germany, in the year 1475. Samuell Matthews was one of the earliest settlers in the New World of America. He is listed as 'living at the plantation by James Cittie' (Virginia), in February 1623. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Alan Mathew, which was dated 1260, in the Assize Rolls of Cambridge, England. This was during the reign of King Henry 111, known by the nickname of 'The Frenchman', who reigned from 1216 to 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Matityahu, Mateh Binyamin — Matityahu (Hebrew: מַתִּתְיָהוּ‎‎) is a moshav and Israeli settlement in the West Bank, located approximately midway between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, near the city of Modi in. Matityahu was initially founded in 1981 by a group of English speaking… …   Wikipedia

  • Matityahu Drobles — Date of birth 20 April 1931 (1931 04 20) (age 80) Place of birth Warsaw, Poland Year o …   Wikipedia

  • Matityahu Shoham — Matityahu Mosche Shoham (Polakewitsch) (hebr. מתתיהו שוהם; * 1893 in Warschau; † 1937 in Warschau) war ein hebräischer Lyriker und Dramatiker. Shoham, im frühen Kindesalter verwaist, wurde von seinem Großvater und seinem Onkel erzogen. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Margalit Matityahu — Margalit Matitiahu , in einigen Publikationen auch als Matityahu genannt (* 1935 in Tel Aviv, Palästina) ist eine israelische Dichterin. Ihre Texte verfasst sie meist in hebräisch und sephardisch. Nach dem Holocaust kam Margalit Matitiahu mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peled, Matityahu — (1923 95)    Born in Jerusalem, he joined the Palmah in 1941. Following independence, he helped found the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Staff and Command College. He was among the first high ranking officers, immediately after the Six Day War… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Mattathias — Matityahu redirects here. For the Israeli settlement, see Matityahu, Mateh Binyamin. Tomb of Mattathias ben Johanan, Israel …   Wikipedia

  • Mattitjahu Schoham — Matityahu Mosche Shoham (Polakewitsch) (hebr. מתתיהו שוהם, geb. 1893 in Warschau; gest. 1937 in Warschau) war ein hebräischer Lyriker und Dramatiker. Shoham, im frühen Kindesalter verwaist, wurde von seinem Großvater und seinem Onkel erzogen. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shoham — Matityahu Mosche Shoham (Polakewitsch) (hebr. מתתיהו שוהם, geb. 1893 in Warschau; gest. 1937 in Warschau) war ein hebräischer Lyriker und Dramatiker. Shoham, im frühen Kindesalter verwaist, wurde von seinem Großvater und seinem Onkel erzogen. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zev Leff — Rabbi Zev Leff, Rav of Moshav Matityahu, Israel, is an American born Orthodox Jewish rabbi and widely popular Torah educator who teaches and lectures regularly at English speaking yeshivot, girls schools, community centers, synagogue functions,… …   Wikipedia

  • KIBBUTZ FESTIVALS — Kibbutz celebrations originated in the 1920s and 1930s as an attempt to recapture the ancient Hebrew – mainly the agricultural – character of Jewish holidays. (See Table: List of Published Texts of Kibbutz Festivals and Special Occasions.) Over… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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