This famous surname is recorded in over two hundred and fifty different spellings ranging from Mathieu of France to Macieiczyk of Poland. From medieval times it has been recorded in every part of Christendom. Its popularity throughout Europe first as a baptismal name and then later as a surname dates from the 11th century when Crusaders, otherwise known as the "Knights Templar", returning from one of their many expeditions to the Holy Land, gave it to their sons in commemoration of the fathers (unsuccessful) attempt to free Palestine from the Muslims. The derivation is from the Hebrew male given name "Mattathiah" meaning "gift of the Lord", and it is recorded in the famous Norman-English Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Matthaeus' and in the French spelling 'Mathieu'. Neither of these recordings are surnames, but names of priests. Early examples of the surname recordings include Heinrich Matthaus of Uberlingen, Germany, in 1382, John Mathows of Whitby, England, in 1395, the patronymic Hugh Mathewman in the 1379 Poll Tax rolls of England, and a similar Clewi Mathisen of Freiburg, Germany, in the year 1475. Samuell Matthews was one of the earliest settlers in the New World of America. He is listed as 'living at the plantation by James Cittie' (Virginia), in February 1623. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Alan Mathew, which was dated 1260, in the Assize Rolls of Cambridge, England. This was during the reign of King Henry 111, known by the nickname of 'The Frenchman', who reigned from 1216 to 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Mathieu — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: André Mathieu (Pianist) (1929–1968), kanadischer Pianist und Komponist André Mathieu (Autor) (1949–2009), kanadischer Schriftsteller Bruno Mathieu (* 1958), französischer Organist Chantal Mathieu (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mathieu — may refer to: In places: Mathieu, Calvados, a commune of the Calvados département in France In mathematics: Claude Louis Mathieu (1783–1875), French mathematician and astronomer Émile Léonard Mathieu (1835–1890), French mathematician Mathieu… …   Wikipedia

  • MATHIEU (G.) — MATHIEU GEORGES (1921 ) Georges Mathieu est né à Boulogne sur Mer, d’une famille de banquiers. Après des études de droit et de philosophie, il s’oriente vers les arts plastiques en 1942. En 1947, il expose au Salon des réalités nouvelles des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mathieu — País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mathieu — Mathieu, Adolf, belgischer Dichter, Mitglied der belgischen Akademie, geb. 1804 in Mons, seit mehreren Jahren Unterbibliothekar an der königlichen Bibliothek in Brüssel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mathieu —   [ma tjø],    1) Georges, französischer Maler, * Boulogne sur Mer 27. 1. 1921; prägte 1947 (seitdem in Paris) den Begriff »abstraction lyrique« (lyrische Abstraktion); fand um 1948 seinen eigenen Stil. Er ist gekennzeichnet von der schwungvollen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mathieu — Mathieu, Matheu, Mateu Nom de baptême illustré par l apôtre et évangéliste, qui symbolisait l homme dans son rapport avec Dieu. Le nom vient de l hébreu Mattai (mattay qui vient lui même de mattithyahû = cadeau de Yavhé) qui a donné le grec… …   Noms de famille

  • Mathieu — Matthieu Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Matthieu est un prénom autant masculin que féminin[réf. nécessaire] qui est devenu un patronyme. On trouve plusieurs graphies :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mathieu — Matthieu ou Mathieu (saint) (Ier s.), un des douzes apôtres (aussi nommé Lévi), publicain à Capharnaüm. Son évangile, longtemps considéré comme le premier en date, est en fait postérieur à celui de Marc. Mathieu (saint). V. Matthieu …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mathieu — auf die französische Form von Matthäus zurückgehender Familienname. Mathieu ist auch als Hugenottenname bezeugt: Isabeau Mathieu, Braunschweig a. 1711 …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen

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