This interesting surname is of Northern English origin, and is locational from a place so called in the North Riding of Yorkshire, such as Aiskew. Recorded as "Echescol" in the Domesday Book of 1086, and as "Aykescogh" in the 1235 Fine Court Rolls of that county, the name derives the Old Norse elements "eiki", oak, and "skogr", wood; hence, "oak wood". The surname is found recorded in Middle English as "Akeskeugh", but in the modern idiom, the variants include: Haskew, Ascough, Ayscough, Askey, Askie and Haskey. Locational surnames were developed when former inhabitants of a place moved to another area, usually to seek work, and were best identified by the name of their birthplace. There is an old-established Cumberland family descended from Sir Hugh Askew, who received the lands of the Convent of Seaton during the dissolution of the monasteries in 1542. William Ayscough (died 1450), L.L.D., was Bishop of Salisbury in 1438, and confessor to Henry V1; he was murdered at Edington, Wiltshire, after saying Mass in 1450. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Ayksaghe, which was dated 1366, in the "Subsidy Rolls of Lancashire", during the reign of King Edward 111, known as "The Father of the Navy", 1327 - 1377. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Ayscough — (spr. Ähskoss), Samuel, geb. zu Nottingham; ward Tischler, erhielt aber 1770 eine Stelle am Britischen Museum u. st. 1805. Er lieferte u.a. einen Katalog über die Manuscripte des Museums, Lond. 1782, einen Bücherkatalog desselben, ebd. 1787, Fol …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hannah Ayscough — fut la mère de Isaac Newton. Elle est née en 1623 à Market Overton dans le comté de Rutland et décédée en 1679 à Stamford dans le Lincolnshire. Sommaire 1 Maternité 2 Décès 3 Références …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Samuel Ayscough — (1745 1804), Librarian and Index maker, known as The Prince of Indexers .Ayscough was a cataloguer in the British Museum in the late 1700s, and spent two years working on a catalogue of the manuscript collection. He accumulated over 20,000 slips… …   Wikipedia

  • James Ayscough — (? 1759) was an English designer and maker of scientific instruments.He was apprenticed to an optician named James Mann from 1743 to 1747. James Ayscough became known for his microscopes. His shop was in London between 1740 and 1759.Around the… …   Wikipedia

  • William Ayscough — Infobox bishopbiog name =William Ayscough religion =Catholic See =Diocese of Salisbury Title = Bishop of Salisbury Period = 1438 ndash;1450 Predecessor = Robert Neville Successor =Richard Beauchamp ordination = bishops = post = date of birth =… …   Wikipedia

  • Hannah Ayscough — (1623 1679) (pronounced Askew), was the mother of Sir Isaac Newton. Early lifeHannah was born in Market Overton in Rutland in 1623. Her parents were James and Margery Ayscough.MotherhoodHannah married Isaac Newton, the elder, in April 1642. He… …   Wikipedia

  • George Ayscough Armytage — Sir George Ayscough Armytage, 7. Baronet (* 2. März 1872; † 15. August 1953) war ein britischer Feldoffizier im Ersten Weltkrieg und nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg Stadtkommandant von Hamburg. Leben George Armytage entstammt einer englischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Айску Самуэль — (Ayscough) известный англ. библиограф (р. 1745, † 1804), был долгое время библиотекарем Лондонского музея. Он впервые описал 5000 рукописей музея, издал это описание в Catalogue of the MSS, preserved in the British Museum (Лонд., 1782). Затем… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Ainscough — is an old Lancashire family name, also spelled Ayscough, Askew or Ascough. OriginsIt is thought that the name is derived from the Norse words ask skog . Although other sources suggest that Aiskew is a corruption of the words Eiki Skogr… …   Wikipedia

  • Newton family — Contents 1 Early Newtons 2 Isaac Newton 3 Hannah Ayscough 4 Barnabas Smith 5 Catherine Barton …   Wikipedia

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