Lighten


Lighten
This name is of English locational origin from amy of the various places thus called. These places include Layton, east of Blackpool in Lancashire, recorded as latun in the Domesday Book of 1086, and East and West Layton in the North Riding of Yorkshire. The former place was so called from the Old English pre 7th Century "lad", Old Law German "lede", a water-course or conduit, plus the Old English "tun", a settlement. The latter two places, recorded as Lastun in the Domesday Book, and as Laton in the 1199, Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire, derive their name from the Old English "leac", leek, plus "tun", a settlement; hence, "settlement where leeks were grown". Leighton in Bedfordshire, Shropshire Lancashire etc., are also named with the Old English "leac-tun" and the surname may also derive from one of these places. One, Richard de Layton was noted in the 1292 "Pipe Rolls of Cumberland", and Richard Layton became dean of York in 1534, and ambassador to Brussels, 1543. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Richard de Lecton, which was dated 1201, "The Pipe Rolls of Shropshire", during the reign of King John known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Lighten — Light en, v. t. [See {Light} to illuminate.] 1. To make light or clear; to light; to illuminate; as, to lighten an apartment with lamps or gas; to lighten the streets. [In this sense less common than light.] [1913 Webster] A key of fire ran all… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lighten — Light en, v. t. [See {Light} not heavy.] 1. To make lighter, or less heavy; to reduce in weight; to relieve of part of a load or burden; as, to lighten a ship by unloading; to lighten a load or burden. [1913 Webster] 2. To make less burdensome or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lighten — [v1] illuminate become light, brighten, flash, gleam, illume, irradiate, light, light up, make bright, shine; concept 624 Ant. blacken, darken, dim, dull lighten [v2] reduce weight, load allay, alleviate, ameliorate, assuage, attenuate, buoy,… …   New thesaurus

  • Lighten — Light en (l[imac]t n), v. i. [See {Light} to alight.] To descend; to light. [1913 Webster] O Lord, let thy mercy lighten upon us. Book of Common Prayer [Eng. Ed.]. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lighten — (someone s)/the load to make a difficult or upsetting situation easier to deal with. Anyway, we ll be getting a temp in next month to do some of this work so that should lighten your load …   New idioms dictionary

  • lighten# — lighten vb *illuminate, illumine, light, enlighten, illustrate Antonyms: darken lighten vb alleviate, mitigate, *relieve, assuage, allay Analogous words: lessen, reduce, diminish, *decrease, abate: *moderate, temper, qualify: attenuate, extenuate …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • lighten — Ⅰ. lighten [1] ► VERB 1) make or become lighter in weight. 2) make or become less serious. Ⅱ. lighten [2] ► VERB ▪ make or become brighter …   English terms dictionary

  • lighten — lighten1 [līt′ n] vt. [ME lightnen] 1. to make light or bright; illuminate 2. to make light or pale 3. to cause to flash in or as in lightning: with out or forth 4. Archaic to give knowledge to; enlighten vi. 1 …   English World dictionary

  • Lighten — Light en (l[imac]t n), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Lightened} (l[imac]t nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Lightening}.] [OE. lightenen. See {Light} to kindle, illuminate.] 1. To burst forth or dart, as lightning; to shine with, or like, lightning; to display a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lighten — index abate (lessen), allay, alleviate, attenuate, commute, diminish, ease, extenuate …   Law dictionary

  • lighten up — verb 1. make lighter or brighter The paint will brighten the room • Syn: ↑brighten, ↑lighten • Ant: ↑darken (for: ↑brighten) • Hypern …   Useful english dictionary


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