Archer


Archer
This long-established surname, with the modern spelling forms Larcher, L'Archer and Archer, is of early medieval English origin, and is occupational, deriving from the Middle English "archere", itself coming from the Old French "archier", meaning "a (professional) bowman". The surname itself was first brought to England at the time of the Norman Invasion of 1066, and was spelt "le Archer" (literally "the Archer"), or the foreshortened form l'archer. The name first appears in records in the mid 12th Century (see below), which was taken directly from the French, and the Feet of Fines of Cambridgeshire record one Hugh le Archer in 1199. Recordings from London Church Registers include the marriage of Alyce Archer and Roberte Garnett in St. Michael's, Cornhill, on February 28th 1567. An interesting namebearer, recorded in the "Dictionary of National Biography", was John Archer (1598 - 1682), who was educated at Cambridge in 1619, knighted in 1663, and attempts by Charles 11 to remove him without due legal procedure failed and he received a knighthood, 1624, and became sheriff of Warwickshire in 1628, and an M.P. in 1640. He was also a noted antiquarian. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert Larchier, which was dated 1166, in the "Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Archer — (engl. „Bogenschütze“, entspricht dem deutschen Schütze, Schütz und Schütt) und ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Archer (1910–1997), britischer Eishockeyspieler und trainer Amy Archer Gilligan (1869–1928), US amerikanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • archer — archer, ère [ arʃe, ɛr ] n. • archier XIIe; arkiere fém. 1209; d un lat. pop. dér. de arcus « arc » 1 ♦ N. m. Soldat armé de l arc. Les archers anglais de la guerre de Cent Ans. 2 ♦ N. m. Par ext. Agent de police, sous l Ancien Régime. «… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Archer — SP 17pdr, Valentine, Mk I САУ Archer, SP 17pdr, Valentine, Mk I Тип: Самоходное противотанковое орудие Страна …   Википедия

  • archer — Archer. s. m. Homme de guerre combattant avec l arc. Archer à pied. archer à cheval. compagnie d Archers. Il n y a plus de cette sorte d Archers en France. Archer, Se dit aujourd huy de ces gens. qui sont armez d épées, de hallebardes, d armes à… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Archer — Archer, FL U.S. city in Florida Population (2000): 1289 Housing Units (2000): 529 Land area (2000): 2.375432 sq. miles (6.152341 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.375432 sq. miles (6.152341 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • archer — ARCHER. s. m. Homme de Guerre, combattant avec l arc. Archer à pied. Archer à cheval. En ce sens là, il n y a plus d Archers en France. f♛/b] On appeloit autrefois Francs Archers, Une sorte de Milice établie par Charles [b]VII.Archers, se dit… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Archer, FL — U.S. city in Florida Population (2000): 1289 Housing Units (2000): 529 Land area (2000): 2.375432 sq. miles (6.152341 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.375432 sq. miles (6.152341 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Archer, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 126 Housing Units (2000): 63 Land area (2000): 0.095665 sq. miles (0.247771 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.095665 sq. miles (0.247771 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • archer — (n.) late 13c., from Anglo Fr. archer, O.Fr. archier archer, bowmaker, from L. arcarius, from arcus bow (see ARC (Cf. arc)). Also a 17c. name for the bishop in chess …   Etymology dictionary

  • Archer — Arch er, n. [archier, F. archer, LL. arcarius, fr. L. arcus bow. See {Arc}, {Arch}, n.] A bowman, one skilled in the use of the bow and arrow. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Archer —   [ ɑːtʃə], Jeffrey Howard, Baron Archer of Weston super Mare, englischer Schriftsteller und Politiker, * 15. 4. 1940; war 1969 74 Mitglied des Unterhauses (Konservative Partei) und 1985 86 Stellvertreter des Vorsitzenden der Partei (Rücktritt… …   Universal-Lexikon


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