Recorded in many spelling forms including Arbor, Harbour, Harbor, Harberer, Harbisher, and Harbar, this is an English, and sometimes Scottish, surname. Derived from the pre 7th century Olde English compound word 'herebeorg,' the surname is or rather was, occupational for a lodging house or inn-keeper, one who provided a 'safe harbour'. The derivation is from the original words 'heve', meaning army, and 'beorg', a shelter. In the late Middle Ages the term began to be used in the modern sense of a safe anchorage for ships. Early examples of the surname recordings taken from surviving church registers of the diocese of Greater London include examples such as Jane Harbor, who was christened at St. Giles, Cripplegate; on November 4th 1604, and Elizabeth, the daughter of Henry and Ann Harbor, who was christened on November 18th 1625 at the church of St. Mary Somerset. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Geoffrey Herbour. This was dated 1279, in the Hundred Rolls of the county of Berkshire, during the reign of King Edward 1st of England, 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop," often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Harbour — Project Класс языка: императивный, структурированный, объектно ориентированный Автор(ы): Antonio Linares Релиз: 3.0.0 Тестовая версия …   Википедия

  • Harbour — (Harbor, englisch Hafen ) steht für: Harbour (Compiler), einen Open Source Compiler Harbour ist der Familienname von: David Harbour (* 1975), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Dorothy Harbour (* 1959), US amerikanische Psychotherapeutin Matthew… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • harbour — har‧bour [ˈhɑːbə ǁ ˈhɑːrbər] , harbor noun [countable] an area of calm water next to the land, where boats arrive and leave: • The island has a fine modern harbour. • The harbour master (= someone in charge of a harbour ) may request the ship… …   Financial and business terms

  • Harbour — (spr. Harb r), 1) (H. Grace, spr. H. Grehs), Hauptstadt des Districts Conception Bai der Provinz (Insel) Neufundland (Britisch Nordamerika) an der Westküste der Conception Bai; 6000 Ew.; fruchtbare Umgegend; 2) (H. Island, spr. H. Eiländ), Insel… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • harbour — British English spelling of HARBOR (Cf. harbor) (n. and v.); for spelling, see OR (Cf. or) …   Etymology dictionary

  • harbour — is spelt our in BrE and harbor in AmE …   Modern English usage

  • harbour — (US harbor) ► NOUN ▪ a place on the coast where ships may moor in shelter. ► VERB 1) keep (a thought or feeling) secretly in one s mind. 2) give a refuge or shelter to. 3) carry the germs of (a disease). ORIGIN Old English, «shelter» …   English terms dictionary

  • harbour — [här′bər] n., vt., vi. Brit. sp. of HARBOR …   English World dictionary

  • Harbour — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Harbour désigne le plus souvent un port maritime. Sommaire 1 Localités 1.1 Australie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • harbour — (BrE) (AmE harbor) noun ADJECTIVE ▪ deep, deep water ▪ good, safe, sheltered ▪ natural ▪ bus …   Collocations dictionary

  • harbour — I UK [ˈhɑː(r)bə(r)] / US [ˈhɑrbər] noun [countable] Word forms harbour : singular harbour plural harbours ** a) an area of water near the land where it is safe for boats to stay. A port is a harbour where passengers and goods can be taken on and… …   English dictionary

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