This interesting surname recorded in some two hundred forms from Martin and Martini to Marti and Martinovich, is of Roman origin. It derives from "Mars", the god of fertility and war, although it is claimed that "Mars" itself may derive ultimately from the word "mar", meaning "to gleam". The original given name has been used in every state in Europe since the 12th century crusades to free the Holy Land from the Moslems. However the main impetus which gave the name such popularity was as a result of the good works of the 14th Century Saint Martin of Tours, in France. It is sais that Martin is one of the few saints names which the protestants accepted after the reformation. There are many patronymic forms such as Martinez (Spanish) or Martenssen (Swedish), and diminutives such as Martineau (France) and Martinelli (Italian). Curiously the Polish spellings of Marcinkowski and Marciszewski are locational, originating from a town called Martin, as is the Czech Martinovsky. Examples of the surname recordings taken from authentic registers of the period include John Martin of Plymouth, England, who was navigator to Sir Francis Drake, on his first "Round the World" voyage of 1577, whilst Christopher Martin was a member of the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620. Suarez Martinez was christened at Asuncion, Mexico, on October 2md 1774, whilst Jack Martinet was registered at Berkeley, California on September 27th 1909, and Jeffrey Lynn Martineau at Los Angelos on April 10th 1948. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter Martin, which was dated 1166, in the charters of the county of Northampton, England, during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Martinelli's — es un marca de bebidas no alcohólicas perteneciente a S. Martinelli Company, una compañía de zumos basada en Watsonville (California). Martinelli s es conocida principalmente por su sidra sin alcohol y sus zumos de manzana. La compañía opera en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Martinelli — For the brand of sparkling cider, see Martinelli s. Martinelli is a surname of Italian origin. The name refers to: Alberto Martinelli (contemporary), world known scholar of social sciences Alfredo Martinelli (1899–1968), Italian film actor Anton… …   Wikipedia

  • Martinelli — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Le nom de Martinelli est celui de plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Anton Erhard Martinelli (1684 1747), architecte… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MARTINELLI — ITALY (see also List of Individuals) 27.4.1914 Lucca/I 9.1.1949 Oakland/USA Raymond Martinelli graduated in 1938 as a mechanical engineer from the University of California, Berkeley, and there submitted in 1941 a PhD thesis. He was first… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

  • Martinelli's — A bottle of Martinelli s sparkling cider Martinelli s is the brand name of S. Martinelli Company, a juice company based in Watsonville, California.[1] The company is privately held by descendants of the founders.[2] Martinelli s is best known for …   Wikipedia

  • Martinelli's — Эта страница требует существенной переработки. Возможно, её необходимо викифицировать, дополнить или переписать. Пояснение причин и обсуждение на странице Википедия:К улучшению/3 сентября 2012. Дата постановки к улучшению 3 сентября 2012.… …   Википедия

  • Martinelli — Martinẹlli,   Domenico, italienischer Baumeister, * Lucca 30. 11. 1650, ✝ ebenda 11. 9. 1718; war seit 1678 in Rom, seit 1690 in Wien, am Rhein und in den Niederlanden tätig; seit 1716 in Lucca. Martinelli gab durch die Einführung des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Martinelli — /mahr tn el ee/; It. /mahrdd tee nel lee/, n. Giovanni /jee euh vah nee/; It. /jaw vahn nee/, 1885 1969, U.S. operatic tenor, born in Italy. * * * …   Universalium

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