This interesting surname recorded in some two hundred forms from Martin and Martini to Marti and Martinovich, is of Roman origin. It derives from "Mars", the god of fertility and war, although it is claimed that "Mars" itself may derive ultimately from the word "mar", meaning "to gleam". The original given name has been used in every state in Europe since the 12th century crusades to free the Holy Land from the Moslems. However the main impetus which gave the name such popularity was as a result of the good works of the 14th Century Saint Martin of Tours, in France. It is sais that Martin is one of the few saints names which the protestants accepted after the reformation. There are many patronymic forms such as Martinez (Spanish) or Martenssen (Swedish), and diminutives such as Martineau (France) and Martinelli (Italian). Curiously the Polish spellings of Marcinkowski and Marciszewski are locational, originating from a town called Martin, as is the Czech Martinovsky. Examples of the surname recordings taken from authentic registers of the period include John Martin of Plymouth, England, who was navigator to Sir Francis Drake, on his first "Round the World" voyage of 1577, whilst Christopher Martin was a member of the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620. Suarez Martinez was christened at Asuncion, Mexico, on October 2md 1774, whilst Jack Martinet was registered at Berkeley, California on September 27th 1909, and Jeffrey Lynn Martineau at Los Angelos on April 10th 1948. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter Martin, which was dated 1166, in the charters of the county of Northampton, England, during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Martineau — is a surname, it is of French origin and may refer to: Alice Martineau (1972 – 2003), English pop singer and songwriter Alfred Albert Martineau (1857–1941), French Governor General Eugène Martineau (politician) (1837–1880), Ottawa mayor Eugène… …   Wikipedia

  • Martineau — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: André Martineau (1930–1972), französischer Mathematiker Eugene Martineau (* 1980), niederländischer Zehnkämpfer Harriet Martineau (1802−1876), englische Schriftstellerin Henri Martineau (1882–1958),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martineau — (spr. nō), 1) Harriet, engl. Schriftstellerin, geb. 12. Juni 1802 zu Norw ich in Norfolk, gest. 27. Juni 1876 zu Ambleside in Westmoreland, bereiste 1336 Nordamerika, später den Orient. Außer Erzählungen, Beschreibungen ihrer Reisen, Schriften… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Martineau — Martineau, Martinet Diminutifs français formés sur Martin. Les Martineau se rencontrent surtout dans l Ouest (17, 72, 85, variantes Martinaud, Martinault, Martineaud), et les Martinet dans le Dauphiné et la Savoie (à rapprocher de l italien… …   Noms de famille

  • Martineau — (spr. Martinoh), 1) Harriet, von französischer Abkunft, Tochter eines Fabrikbesitzers u. von Kindheit taub, geb. 1802 in Norwich, widmete sich der Schriftstellern, bereiste 1836 Nordamerika u. später den Orient u. schrieb außer mehreren… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Martineau — (–no), Harriet, geb. 1802 zu Norwich, wurde früh taub, lieferte mehre Reisebeschreibungen u. versuchte es die Grundsätze der Nationalökonomie in Erzählungen darzustellen. Ihr Bruder James, unitarischer Geistlicher zu Liverpool, gab »Streben nach… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Martineau — Martineau, Harriet …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Martineau — [märt′ n ō΄] Harriet 1802 76; Eng. writer & economist …   English World dictionary

  • Martineau — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronymes Alfred Martineau, (1859 ??) haut fonctionnaire de l administration coloniale française puis professeur d histoire coloniale au Collège de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martineau — I. biographical name Harriet 1802 1876 English novelist & economist II. biographical name James 1805 1900 brother of Harriet English theologian & philosopher …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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