This interesting surname recorded in some two hundred forms from Martin and Martini to Marti and Martinovich, is of Roman origin. It derives from "Mars", the god of fertility and war, although it is claimed that "Mars" itself may derive ultimately from the word "mar", meaning "to gleam". The original given name has been used in every state in Europe since the 12th century crusades to free the Holy Land from the Moslems. However the main impetus which gave the name such popularity was as a result of the good works of the 14th Century Saint Martin of Tours, in France. It is sais that Martin is one of the few saints names which the protestants accepted after the reformation. There are many patronymic forms such as Martinez (Spanish) or Martenssen (Swedish), and diminutives such as Martineau (France) and Martinelli (Italian). Curiously the Polish spellings of Marcinkowski and Marciszewski are locational, originating from a town called Martin, as is the Czech Martinovsky. Examples of the surname recordings taken from authentic registers of the period include John Martin of Plymouth, England, who was navigator to Sir Francis Drake, on his first "Round the World" voyage of 1577, whilst Christopher Martin was a member of the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620. Suarez Martinez was christened at Asuncion, Mexico, on October 2md 1774, whilst Jack Martinet was registered at Berkeley, California on September 27th 1909, and Jeffrey Lynn Martineau at Los Angelos on April 10th 1948. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter Martin, which was dated 1166, in the charters of the county of Northampton, England, during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Marcinkowski — is a Polish surname, it may refer to: Andrzej Marcinkowski, Polish politician Ireneusz Marcinkowski, Polish footballer James Marcinkowski, American CIA officer Karol Marcinkowski, Polish physician Władysław Marcinkowski, Polish sculptor This page …   Wikipedia

  • Marcinkowski — ist ein polnischer Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger sind: Karol Marcinkowski (1800–1848), polnischer Arzt und Reformer Władysław Marcinkowski (1858–1947), polnischer Bildhauer James Marcinkowski (* 1955), US amerikanischer Geheimdienstler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marcinkowski — Au départ de ce patronyme polonais, on trouve le nom de personne Marcin, équivalent du français Martin, qui a donné naissance à plusieurs toponymes. En principe, les Marcinkowski sont originaires d une localité appelée Marcinków ou Marcinkowo …   Noms de famille

  • Marcinkowski — Marcinkowski, Karl, geb. 1800 in Posen, lebte seit 1823 daselbst als praktischer Arzt, nahm 1830 Antheil an dem Aufstände der Polen u. stieg nach u. nach zum Chef des Generalstabes des Generals Chlapowski auf. Nach der Schlacht bei Ostrolenka… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Marcinkowski-Verein — Marcinkowski Verein, ein von dem praktischen Arzt Karl Marcinkowski in Posen 19. April 1841 gegründeter Verein zur Unterstützung der polnischen lernenden Jugend, der namentlich von der katholischen Geistlichkeit unterstützt wird. Im I. 1902… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • James Marcinkowski — (born 1955) is a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) case officer and former administrative staff attorney in the Oakland County Prosecutor s Office (Michigan), and was an unsuccessful candidate in the 2006 election for the United States… …   Wikipedia

  • Karol Marcinkowski — (* 23. Juni 1800 in Posen; † 6. November 1846) war ein polnischer Arzt und Reformer. Er beteiligte sich am polnischen Aufstand von 1830/31 gegen die russische Herrschaft in Kongresspolen und war später in der preußischen Provinz Posen Initiator… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karol Marcinkowski — (23 June 1800 in Poznań ndash;6 November 1846) was a Polish physician, social activist in the Greater Poland region (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań), supporter of the basic education ( Praca organiczna ) programmes, organizer of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Université de médecine Karol Marcinkowski — de Poznań Nom original Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Karola Marcinkowskiego anglais Poznan University of Medical Sciences Informations Fondation 1950 Type …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Władysław Marcinkowski — (June 16, 1858 in Mieszków December 10 1947 in Poznań) was a Polish sculptor who created a monument of Adam Mickiewicz in Milosław.References* Witold Jakóbczyk, Przetrwać na Wartą 1815 1914 , Dzieje narodu i państwa polskiego , vol. III 55,… …   Wikipedia

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