Recorded in several forms as shown in the recordings below, this ancient and very English name is either topographical or just possibly a nickname. Taking the former, it derives from the pre 7th century word "cnoll", or the Middle English "knol", both meaning a hill top, and hence describing a person who lived at such a place. Topographical surnames were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided obvious and convenient distinguishing names in the small communities of the Middle Ages. A second possible origin is that it may be a nickname surname, since there are references in ancient records to the personal name of "Cnoll". This was used in the transferred sense of a short, stout person. Early recordings of the surname from both sources include: Robert de la Cnolle of Devonshire in 1185; Thomas Knolle of Cambridgeshire in 1279; and William atte Knowle of Sussex in 1296. Henry Knowles was an early emigrant to the American colonies, leaving London on the ship "Susan and Ellin" in April 1635, bound for Virginia colony. An early coat of arms has the blazon of a blue field, charged with a hawk seizing a partridge, and on the chief three blue bird. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Christopher Knolles. This was dated 1407, in the "Register of the Freemen of the City of York", during the reign of Henry 1V, known as "Henry of Bolingbroke", 1399 - 1413. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Knowles — ( ga. Ó Tnúthghail ) is a common Irish surname, and may refer to many people.A* Alison Knowles * Anne Kelly KnowlesB* Beyoncé Knowles, R B/soul singer, actress, model, fashion designer, dancer. Older sister of Solange Knowles cousin of Kelly… …   Wikipedia

  • Knowles — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alison Knowles (* 1933), US amerikanischer Künstlerin der Fluxus Bewegung Bernard Knowles (1900–1975), britischer Kameramann und Filmregisseur Beyoncé Knowles (* 1981), US amerikanische Sängerin Charles… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Knowles —   [nəʊlz], William S. amerikanischer Chemiker, * 1917; promovierte 1942 an der Columbia University, war danach bis 1986 bei der Monsanto Company beschäftigt. Knowles erhielt für die Entwicklung der katalytischen asymmetrischen Synthese… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Knowles — Knowles, OK U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 32 Housing Units (2000): 11 Land area (2000): 0.177420 sq. miles (0.459515 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.177420 sq. miles (0.459515 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Knowles, OK — U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 32 Housing Units (2000): 11 Land area (2000): 0.177420 sq. miles (0.459515 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.177420 sq. miles (0.459515 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Knowles — (spr. Nohls), 1) Rich., so v.w. Knolles. 2) James Sheridan, geb. 1784 in Cork; wurde frühzeitig Schauspieler in London, trat 1835 auch in den Vereinigten Staaten auf, 1845 von der Bühne zurück u. 1852 in Edinburg zu den Baptisten über. Er schr.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Knowles — (spr. nōls), James Sheridan, engl. Schauspieler und dramatischer Dichter, geb. 12. Mai 1784 in Cork, gest. 30. Nov. 1862 in Torquay (Devonshire), ging früh in Dublin zur Bühne als Darsteller von Charakterrollen und versuchte sich als Dramatiker… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Knowles — (Nohls), James Sheridan, geb. 1784 zu Kork, engl. Schauspieler und Schauspieldichter, auch Lyriker und Novellist, nicht ohne Kraft, aber oft maniriert, trat 1845 von der Bühne ab und wurde Baptist. Seine meisten Schriften sind in vielfachen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Knowles —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Bernard Knowles (1900 1975), réalisateur, directeur de la photographie, producteur et scénariste britannique ; Beyoncé Knowles (née en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Knowles — biographical name William Standish 1917 American chemist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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