King


King
This ancient and distinguished surname belongs to that sizeable group of European urnames that were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. These nicknames were given with reference to a variety of personal characteristics, such as physical attributes or peculiarities, mental and moral characteristics, and to habits of dress and behaviour. The derivation, in this instance, is from the Middle English "king", ultimately from the Olde English pre 7th Century "cyning", king, used to denote someone who conducted himself in a kingly manner; one who had played the part of a king in a medieval pageant, or perhaps won the title in some contest. This surname has the rare distinction of being recorded prior to the Domesday Book of 1086 (see below). Further early recordings from England and Scotland include: Geoffrey King (Cambridgeshire, 1177); Wuluricus le King (Suffolk, 1182); and Robertus dictus King (Aberdeenshire, 1247). When found in Ireland, the surname may be either of English origin, introduced following the Anglo-Norman invasion of 1170, or of Gaelic derivation. In the latter case, King is an Anglicized form of the Old Gaelic "O'Cionga" or "O'Cingeadh" (first Anglicized O'Kinga), a family which in medieval times were seated on the Island of Inismor in Lough Ree. Robert King, second Earl of Kingston (1754 - 1799), was M.P. for County Cork in 1783, 1790 and 1798. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Aelwine se Cyng, which was dated 1050, in the "Old English Byname Register", Devonshire, during the reign of Edward the Confessor, a Saxon, 1042 - 1066. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • King — King, n. [AS. cyng, cyning; akin to OS. kuning, D. koning, OHG. kuning, G. k[ o]nig, Icel. konungr, Sw. konung, Dan. konge; formed with a patronymic ending, and fr. the root of E. kin; cf. Icel. konr a man of noble birth. [root]44. See {Kin}.] 1 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • King — /king/, n. 1. Billie Jean (Moffitt) /mof it/, born 1943, U.S. tennis player. 2. Clarence, 1842 1901, U.S. geologist and cartographer. 3. Ernest Joseph, 1878 1956, U.S. naval officer. 4. Martin Luther, Jr., 1929 68, U.S. Baptist minister: civil… …   Universalium

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  • King — (engl.: König) bezeichnet: King (Album), Album des Rappers T.I. King (Band), britische New Wave Band King (Familienname), Familienname King (Fernsehserie), eine kanadische Fernsehserie aus dem Jahre 2011 King (Mondkrater), Einschlagkrater auf der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • King's X — est un groupe américain (Houston Texas) pratiquant une musique unissant le blues, le gospel, le rock, le metal et la pop. Grands admirateurs des Beatles, leurs chansons sont essentiellement axées sur les mélodies, et baignent en permanence dans… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • King — King, Martin Luther King, William Lyon Mackenzie * * * (as used in expressions) Cole, Nat King Leslie Lynch King, Jr. King Cotton King George Sound, bahía King, B. B. Riley B. King King, Billie Jean …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • king — [ kıŋ ] noun count *** 1. ) king or King a man who rules a country and is the senior male member of the royal family: Oswald became king in 634. King George VI 2. ) a man who is the best at doing a particular thing: king of: Elvis, the king of… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • king — W1 [kıŋ] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(ruler)¦ 2¦(the best)¦ 3¦(successful)¦ 4¦(chess)¦ 5¦(cards)¦ 6¦(important)¦ 7 a king s ransom ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ [: Old English; Origin: cyning] 1.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • KING (G.) — KING GREGORY (1648 1712) Héraut du duché anglais de Lancastre et généalogiste, Gregory King est surtout connu pour un ouvrage, Natural and Political Observations and Conclusions upon the State and Condition of England in 1696 . Ce livre ne fut… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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