Jest


Jest
Recorded in England in a wide range of spellings including: Jest, Jeste, Joce, Jose, Joist, Jost, Joust and even Joost, this is a surname of Germanic, Dutch, Breton and Norman French origins. It was originally a cognate of the name 'Joyce', itself a derivative of the Ancient Breton personal name 'Iodoc', meaning 'lord', and as such introduced into England either by the Anglo-Saxons of the pre 8th century or by the Normans after the 1066 Invasion, or later still by the Dutch or Huguenots of the late 17th century. The names as Iodoc and Josce are recorded in the collected register known as the 'Social and Economic Documents of London' circa 1140. Josse was also the name of a saint who had a hermitage at the modern town of St. Josse-sur-Mer in Brittany, and there is no doubt that he had great influence on the later popularity of the surname. Early examples of the surname recording include: Isaac Joscei in the Pipe Rolls of Middlesex for 1208, and Nicholas Joce of Hamshire in 1273. Interestingly the modern German form of Jost and the Dutch Joost are both recorded in London in the early 18th century. Examples taken from the surving registers of the diocese of Greater London include: Thomas Jeste who married Elizabeth Darbey at St Giles Cripplegate, on June 7th 1631, Mary Jost, the daughter of Hans Jost, christened at St. Botolph without Aldgate on April 14th, 1714, and Elizabeth Emma Joist, christened at St. George the Martyr, Southwark, on April 20th 1823. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • jest — jȅst DEFINICIJA 1. 3. l. jd prez. gl. biti 2. a. doslovno uzv. kojim se potvrđuju riječi sugovornika u dijaloškoj situaciji; da, opr. ne, nije b. iron. neslaganje ili negiranje onoga što sugovornik kaže u zn. to je nemoguće, ne dolazi u obzir;… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Jest — (j[e^]st), n. [OE. jeste, geste, deed, action, story, tale, OF. geste, LL. gesta, orig., exploits, neut. pl. from L. gestus, p. p. of gerere to bear, carry, accomplish, perform; perh. orig., to make to come, bring, and perh. akin to E. come. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jest — Jest, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Jested}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Jesting}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To take part in a merrymaking; especially, to act in a mask or interlude. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To make merriment by words or actions; to joke; to make… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jest — jest·ee; jest·er; jest·ing·ly; jest; …   English syllables

  • jest — [n] joke banter, bon mot, crack, fun, funny, gag, game, hoax, jive, jolly, laugh, one liner*, play, pleasantry, prank, quip, rib, rib tickler*, ridicule, sally, spoof, sport, wisecrack, witticism; concept 273 jest [v] joke banter, chaff, deride,… …   New thesaurus

  • jest — [jest] n. [ME geste < OFr, an exploit, tale of exploits < L gesta, neut. pl. pp. of gerere, to perform, carry out] 1. Obs. a notable deed 2. a mocking or bantering remark; jibe; taunt 3. a joke; witticism 4. a lighthearted action or mood;… …   English World dictionary

  • jest — index jape Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • jest — (èst) sr DEFINICIJA lingv. ime slova stare glagoljičke i ćiriličke azbuke; izgovaralo se vjerojatno kao meko, palatalno rusko e …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • jest — n 1 *joke, jape, quip, witticism, wisecrack, crack, gag Analogous words: *badinage, persiflage, raillery: bantering or banter, chaffing or chaff, jollying or jolly (see BANTER vb): twitting or twit, ridiculing or ridicule, deriding …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • jest — ► NOUN ▪ a joke. ► VERB ▪ speak or act in a joking manner. ORIGIN originally in the sense «exploit, heroic deed»: from Old French geste, from Latin gesta actions, exploits …   English terms dictionary

  • jest|er — «JEHS tuhr», noun. 1. a person who jests. 2. a person who amused the family of a king or nobleman by performing antics similar to those of a clown …   Useful english dictionary


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