James

Recorded in over sixty spelling forms as shown below, and found throughout Christian nations, this very interesting medieval surname is of both Biblical and 12th century Crusader origins. These are confused, and like the personal name and subsequent surname Jacob, it has its origins in the Hebrew given name "Yaakov". This was Latinized in the Roman Period of history, first as Jacobus, and then in the period known as "The Dark Ages" upto the 11th century a.d., as Jacomus. The actual meaning of the name is also a matter for some dispute. Traditionally the name is interpreted as coming from the word "akev", meaning a heel, but has also been interpreted as "he who supplanted". Both of these meanings are influenced by the biblical story of Esau and his younger twin brother Jacob. Jacob is said to have been born holding on to Esau's heel, and took advantage of Esau's hunger to persuade him to part with his birthright "for a mess of pottage". For a name with such indistinct origins, it has proved to be a great success story, with spellings ranging from James, Jayume, and Jamie, to Giacomo, Comi, Comiam, Cominetto, Motto, and even Gimson! The first recordings are to be found in England, because England was the first country to adopt both surnames and to properly register them. Examples from early charters include Christiana Jemes of Cambridge, in the Hundred Rolls of the year 1279, whilst one of the first settlers to the new colony of Virginia in the Americas, was Lewis James, who left London, on August 21st 1635. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Walter James. This was dated 1187, in the Pipe Rolls of the county of Gloucestershire, during the reign of King Henry 11nd, 1154 - 1189.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James — 1 James 2 James 3 James 4 James 5 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • James 1 — 1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting. 2 My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall into divers temptations; 3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James — hace referencia a: Personas de apellido James: Chris James, futbolista neozelandés; Daniel James, actor neozelandés protagonista de La Tribu; Etta James, cantante de Estados Unidos; Fitz James O Brien, escritor irlandés; Henry James, escritor y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • James — is a common English surname and given name: James (name), the typically masculine first name James James (surname), various people with the last name James James may also refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Science and Technology …   Wikipedia

  • James II — may refer to:* James II, Count of La Marche (1370 1438), King Consort of Naples * James II (EP), the second EP by Mancunian band James * James II of Aragon (1267–1327), King of Sicily * James II of Cyprus (circa 1438–1473), Titular King of… …   Wikipedia

  • JAMES (W.) — JAMES WILLIAM (1842 1910) Psychologue nord américain, philosophe, leader du mouvement connu sous le nom de pragmatisme, William James était le fils d’Henry James, le disciple de Swedenborg, et le frère aîné d’Henry James, romancier célèbre,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • James — prop. n. 1. William James, an American psychologist and philosopher (1842 1910). He was the brother of Henry James. Syn: William James. [WordNet 1.5] 2. Henry James, an American novelist and critic, born 1843, died 1916. He was the brother of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • James I — may refer to:* James I, Count of La Marche (1319 1362), Count of Ponthieu * James I of Aragon (1208–1276), Count of Barcelona * James I of Sicily (1267–1327), King of Valencia * James I of Cyprus (1334–1398), Titular King of Armenia * James I of… …   Wikipedia

  • James —   [dʒeɪmz],    1) C. L. R. (Cyril Lionel Robert), westindischer Schriftsteller, * Tunapuna (bei Port of Spain, Trinidad) 4. 1. 1901, ✝ London 31. 5. 1989; war in den frühen 30er Jahren, von marxistischen und zeitweise auch trotzkistischen Ideen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • JAMES (C.) — JAMES CHARLES (1906 1978) Issu d’une famille américaine, Charles James effectue des études orageuses en Angleterre et en France avant de rejoindre ses parents à Chicago. C’est là qu’il ouvre, en 1926, une maison de modiste sous le nom de Charles… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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