Isaac

Recorded in over one hundred spelling forms from Isaac, Eisik, Aizic, and Yitshak, to Ishaki, Istcovitz, Kissack, Izygson, Yiatrou and Yitzkovic, this is an ancient surname. Although of Hebrew origins, when created in the 12th century, this was not a Jewish surname, and was always Christian. This did not change until the16th century, although even then most Jewish examples were given a distinctive form. However spelt all the surnames do derive from the Hebrew male given name "Yitschak", a derivative of the word tsachak, meaning to laugh. This name was given to the son of Abraham and Sarah, and popular etymology connects the meaning with Sarah's laughter, and her joy at bearing a son in her old age. The Greek translators of the Old Testament changed Yitschak to Isaak; and later it was Romanised as Isaac. The European form of the personal name and the subsequent surname, was most associated with the famous Christian Crusades to the Holy Land in the 11th and 12th centuries. It was the practice for returning warriors from the Holy Land to call their children by biblical or hebrew names, and this is a good example. Early recordings of the name include in Germany, Isaak, the priest of Weibenstein in 1181, and later in England, Henry Isaac, of the city of Worcester, in the year 1275. A coat of arms was granted to the Isaac family of Devonshire in the reign of Henry 111 (1216 - 1272). It has the blazon of a blue field charged per pale azure and purple, with a gold cross flory. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Conrad Ysak. This was dated 1170, in the charters of Koln, Germany. Over the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop", often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • ISAAC — (Heb. יִשְׂחָק ,יִצְחָק), son of abraham and sarah , second of the patriarchs of the people of Israel. Isaac was born when Abraham was 100 years old (Gen. 21:5) and Sarah 90 (17:17), exactly a quarter of a century after the family had migrated… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac II — Ange Monnaie d Isaac II Ange Isaac II Ange (° 1155 † 1204) est un empereur byzantin (1185 1195 et 1203 1204), fils d’Andronic Ange et d’Euphrosyne Kastamonides. C’est un arrière petit fils d’Alexis Ier Comnène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISAAC — (middle of the second century), tanna. He is not mentioned in the Mishnah but is often cited in beraitot, especially those dealing with halakhic exegesis in the Talmuds, and in the halakhic Midrashim of the school of R. Ishmael: Mekhilta, Sifrei… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac — • The son of Abraham and Sara Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Isaac     Isaac     † Catholi …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ISAAC — Deuxième personnage de l’histoire patriarcale et de la généalogie qui la sous tend, Isaac se situe comme fils d’Abraham et père de Jacob. «Isaac» est un nom théophore (dont l’élément divin se trouve absent: Yischaq, «que [Dieu] rie», ou «[Dieu] a …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ISAAC (H.) — ISAAC ou ISAAK HEINRICH (1450 env. 1517) Organiste et compositeur qui se disait originaire des Flandres et qu’on peut rattacher au courant dit franco flamand tel qu’il se manifesta en Italie. Isaac mourut à Florence, où Laurent de Médicis l’avait …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ISAAC (J.) — ISAAC JORGE (1837 1895) De père israélite, l’écrivain colombien Jorge Isaac est resté marqué par le décor de son enfance, la vallée du Cauca où était établie l’hacienda paternelle. Appartenant au groupe du Mosaico qui désigne à la fois une revue… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ISAAC — may refer to:*ISAAC (cipher), a pseudorandom number generator *ISAAC (comics), a supercomputer in Marvel Comics …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac — Isaac,   Yzaac [ iz ], Heinrich, flämischer Komponist, * in den Niederlanden um 1450, ✝ Florenz 26. 3. 1517; wurde bald nach 1480 von Lorenzo I. de Medici als Organist (an San Giovanni und Santa Maria del Fiore) nach Florenz berufen. Nach dem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Isaac — m Biblical name, borne by the son of Abraham, who was about to be sacrificed by his father according to a command of God which was changed at the last moment. A ram, caught in a nearby thicket, was sacrificed instead (Genesis 22: 1–13). Isaac… …   First names dictionary

  • Isaac — C est en Normandie (76) que le nom est de très loin le plus répandu. On le rencontre aussi dans le Pas de Calais et en Guadeloupe. Il correspond au prénom biblique porté par le second fils d Abraham. Il signifie en hébreu il rira (yiSHaq), et a… …   Noms de famille

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