Ireland


Ireland
Recorded as Irish, Ireland and the rare dialectal Ierland, this surname can best be described as English but of Irish origins! In ancient times it was an ethnic name for an immigrant from Ireland or possibly Scotland or the Isle of Man, the derivation being from the Olde English pre 7th century word "Iraland", so called from the genitive case of "Iras", meaning Irishman, and "land", territory. Early examples of the surname include: William le Hyreis of the county of Suffolk in 1227, Robert de Irlonde in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex for 1327, and Robert le Irish in the Assize Court rolls of Staffordshire in 1356. As Ierland the greatest concentration of later recordings is in the county of Lancashire perhaps commencing with John Ierland of Barwick on October 13th 1623. The surname was widely recorded in the Poll Tax Returns of the county of Yorkshire in 1379, whilst a later entry was that of Samuell Ireland, aged 32. He was an early emigrant to the new English colonies of America, and together with his wife, Marie, and daughter, Martha, he embarked from the port of London on the aptly named ship "Increase," bound for Virgina in April 1635. Bearers of the name resident in Ireland descended from early emigrants from Ireland, who then in the course of time, returned to the land of their forefathers. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Richard Ireis of Shropshire, in the pipe rolls of that English county in the year 1169. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ireland — • Ireland lies in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain . . . Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ireland     Ireland     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • IRELAND — IRELAND, island W. of Britain comprising the Republic of Ireland (Eire, 26 counties) and Northern Ireland or Ulster (part of the United Kingdom, six counties). The Annals of Inisfallen record that in 1079 five Jews (apparently a delegation to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ireland — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andy Ireland (* 1930), US amerikanischer Politiker Clifford C. Ireland (1878–1930), US amerikanischer Politiker David Ireland (* 1927), australischer Schriftsteller Doug Ireland (* 1945), US amerikanischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ireland — [īr′lənd] [OE Īrland < Īra land: see IRISH] 1. island of the British Isles, west of Great Britain: 32,595 sq mi (84,421 sq km) 2. republic comprising the S provinces of this island & three counties of Ulster province: established as a republic …   English World dictionary

  • Ireland [1] — Ireland (spr. Eierländ), 1) so v.w. Irland; 2) Insel der Bermudasgruppe, s.d.i.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ireland [2] — Ireland (spr. Eierländ), 1) John, geb. in Shropshire, war Anfangs Uhrmacher, dann Kunsthändler in London u. st. 1808 (1809) in Birmingham;[55] er gab heraus: Malerische Reise durch Holland u. Belgien, Lond. 1789 f., 2 Bde.; Hendersons Biographie… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ireland — (spr. airländ), John, römisch kath. Geistlicher, geb. 11. Sept. 1838 zu Burnchurch in Irland, wurde für den geistlichen Beruf in Saint Paul (Minnesota) und in Frankreich vorgebildet, 1861 zum Priester geweiht, 1875 Koadjutor des Bischofs von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ireland — 12c., Anglo Norman, with LAND (Cf. land) + native Eriu (see IRISH (Cf. Irish)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ireland — This article is about the island. For the sovereign state of the same name, see Republic of Ireland. For the constituent country of the United Kingdom, see Northern Ireland. For other uses, see Ireland (disambiguation). Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Ireland — Irelander, n. /uyeur leuhnd/, n. 1. John, 1838 1918, U.S. Roman Catholic clergyman and social reformer, born in Ireland: archbishop of St. Paul, Minn., 1888 1918. 2. Also called Emerald Isle. Latin, Hibernia. a large western island of the British …   Universalium

  • Ireland —    ‘The Irish Question’, first used in the latter part of the last century to refer to the long, difficult and often violent relationship between Ireland and Britain, has continued to be a permanent feature of British political and cultural life …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture


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