This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is locational from a place in Cheshire called Huxley, recorded variably as "Huxeleg" (1260), "Huxley" (1271), and "Huxelegh" (1385), the name is believed to derive from the genitive case of the Olde English pre 7th Century personal nickname "Hucc" (from "hux", a taunt or insult), plus "-leah", a wood or clearing. Locational surnames were usually acquired by a local landowner, or by the lord of the manor, and especially by those former inhabitants of a place who had moved to another area, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. The surname from this source is first recorded in the latter half of the 13th Century (see below). One Thomas de Huxeley appears in the Subsidy Rolls of Staffordshire, dated 1332, and a William Huxley is recorded in the 1530 Fine Court Rolls of Essex. A famous namebearer was Thomas Henry Huxley (1825 - 1895), a contemporary of Darwin who studied at Charing Cross Hospital, and became assistant surgeon on H.M.S. "Rattlesnake" 1846 - 1850. He published several scientific papers on fossil forms, vertebrated animals, natural history, and many other subjects. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert de (of) Huxeleg, which was dated 1260, witness in the "Assize Court Rolls of Cheshire", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Huxley — may refer to one of:* The Huxley family, descended from Normans who settled in England after the Battle of Hastings. The first record of the family, as Holdensia, appears in the records of Richard I. The name Huxley first appears in records in… …   Wikipedia

  • Huxley — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aldous Huxley (1894–1963), britischer Schriftsteller Andrew Fielding Huxley (* 1917), britischer Biophysiker Francis Huxley (* 1923), britischer Botaniker und Anthropologe Hugh Esmor Huxley (* 1924),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • HUXLEY (A.) — HUXLEY ALDOUS (1894 1963) L’abondance de l’œuvre poèmes, essais et romans , la force de la personnalité et l’originalité de l’itinéraire intellectuel assurent une place de choix à Aldous Huxley dans le panthéon des écrivains britanniques. Il a… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Huxley — Huxley, Aldous Huxley, Andrew Fielding Huxley, Julian Sorell Huxley, Thomas Henry * * * (as used in expressions) Huxley, Aldous (Leonard) Huxley, Sir Julian (Sorell) Huxley, T(homas) H(enry) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HUXLEY (T. H.) — HUXLEY THOMAS HENRY (1825 1895) Zoologiste anglais qui s’est, en outre, profondément intéressé aux problèmes de l’enseignement. Autodidacte depuis l’âge de huit ans, Thomas Huxley réussit néanmoins à étudier la médecine au Charing Cross Hospital… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Huxley —   [ hʌksli],    1) Aldous Leonard, englischer Schriftsteller, * Godalming 26. 7. 1894, ✝ Hollywood (Calif.) 22. 11. 1963, Bruder von 2) und 3), Enkel von 4); Studium in Oxford (1913 15), danach erste Gedichtsammlung (»The burning wheel«, 1916).… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Huxley — Huxley, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 2316 Housing Units (2000): 964 Land area (2000): 1.133680 sq. miles (2.936218 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.133680 sq. miles (2.936218 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Huxley, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 2316 Housing Units (2000): 964 Land area (2000): 1.133680 sq. miles (2.936218 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.133680 sq. miles (2.936218 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Huxley, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 298 Housing Units (2000): 230 Land area (2000): 2.003294 sq. miles (5.188508 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.039426 sq. miles (0.102112 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.042720 sq. miles (5.290620 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Huxley — (spr. höcksli), Thomas Henry, Naturforscher. geb. 4. Mai 1825 in Ealing bei London, gest. 29. Juni 1895 in Eastbourne, studierte Medizin in London, begleitete 1846–50 den Kapitän Owen Stanley auf einer Expedition nach Australien und erhielt 1855… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Huxley — (spr. höxlĕ), Thomas Henry, engl. Naturforscher, geb. 4. Mai 1825 in Ealing bei London, 1846 50 Schiffsarzt einer Expedition nach dem Stillen Ozean, 1854 Prof. an der Bergschule in London, 1863 69 Prof. der vergleichenden Anatomie am College of… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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