Harder


Harder
This is a surname of Anglo-Saxon 8th century origins. Recorded in several forms including Hard, Harde, Hardes, Harder, Harding, Hardeman or Hardiman, the surname derives from the Old German word 'heard' or the later Norman 'hard' and basically means what it says. It describes either a 'hard man', probably a successful warrior, or the son of a hard man, or it was occupational for a person who worked as a 'hardener', a process used by medieval bakers to obtain a fine crust on dough or pastry. The same word was used by Chaucer in late medieval times to describe a process within iron making, so there may have been two meanings from which the modern surname developed. It has been suggested that for a few nameholders the origination may be locational name from a place called Hardres, near Canterbury in Kent. This village name derives from the Old English pre 7th Century "harath", meaning a wood. Early examples of the surname recordings include John Harder in the Curia Regis rolls of Dorset for the year 1220, Roger Hard in the Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire in 1275, Walter Hardiman in the 1327 Subsidy Rolls of Sussex. Early church register recordings include John Hardyman, the prebend of Chester, in 1563, and John Hardes who was christened in 1652, at St. Olaves church, Silver Street, London, and Mary, daughter of Michael and Marget Hards, was christened on March 18th 1705, at St. Olave's, Southwark. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Gilbert del Hard, which was dated 1232, in the Calendar of the Patent Rolls, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • harder — 1. (har dé) v. a. Terme de chasse. Attacher les chiens quatre à quatre ou six à six.    Harder les chiens dans l ordre, placer chacun suivant sa force, pour aller de meute ou en relais.    Se harder, v. réfl. Les chiens se hardent, lorsqu ils s… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Härder — ist der Name von Mäc Härder, fränkischer Kabarettist, Jongleur, Autor und Fernseh Moderator Theo Härder (* 1945), Professor der Informatik an der Universität Kaiserslautern Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterschei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • harder — Harder, est proprement trocquer hardes à hardes, mais il s estend plus au large, pour bailler et prendre par eschange bestes et choses mobiliaires, Selon ce on dit, Harder chevaux et autres choses de meuble, Permutare, Soit qu il y ait soulte, ou …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • harder — Harder. v. act. (L H s aspire.) Troquer, eschanger. Voulez vous harder vostre cheval contre le mien. Il commence à vieillir …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Harder — Har der (h[aum]r d[ e]r), n. (Zo[ o]l.) A South African mullet, salted for food. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Harder [1] — Harder, 1) (Schäfer, Nomeus), Gattung der Makreelen (s.d.); 2) so v.w. Eigentliche Muräne, s.d. u. Aal …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Harder [2] — Harder (Hardergrath), Gebirgsrücken im Schweizercanton Bern; zieht sich, bei Unterseen anfangend, zwischen dem Habkerenthal u. dem Nordufer des Brienzer Sees bis nach Brienz hinauf, wo er Brienzergrath heißt, u. erreicht im Rothhorn, Tannhorn,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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