Harden


Harden
Recorded in several 'modern' spellings including Arderne, Ardron, Arden, Hardan, Harden, Hardern, Hareden and probably others, this is an English surname of medieval origins. It is locational and is either from one of the places called Harden, such as Harden in the county of Staffordshire, or Harden near Bingley, or from Arderne, now Arderne Hall, in Cheshire. The place names probably all mean 'The high valley' from the pre 7th century Olde English 'heah - denu' and certainly the Yorkshire places are definately about as high as one can get in the localities. Locational surnames were generally 'from' names. As such they were usually given to people who had moved away from their original homesteads, and thereafter were most easily identified by being called after them. Spelling over the centuries being at best indifferent and local dialects very thick, soon lead as with this name to the creation of 'sounds like' spellings. However it was said in 1880 that the Ardernes have occupied Arderne since the 12th century. If so the very first known recording of the surname is believed to be that of Heloise de Arderne in the tax rolls known as the Feet of Fines for Cheshire in 1171. Ricardus de Hareden of Wiltshire, appears in the Hundred rolls of landowners of that county in 1273, whilst in the same rolls but for the county of Northumberland, we have the recording of Henry de Hardene. Other recordings include Willelmus de Hardeyn in the Poll Tax rolls of Yorkshire in 1379, and Adam de Hardern also of Yorkshire in the same Poll Tax rolls.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Harden — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arthur Harden (1865–1940), britischer Chemiker und Nobelpreisträger Cecil M. Harden (1894–1984), US amerikanische Politikerin Ingo Harden (* 1928), deutscher Musikkritiker und Autor James Harden (* 1989),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • harden — 1 Harden, solidify, indurate, petrify, cake are comparable when they mean to make or to become physically hard or solid. Harden usually expresses an opposition to soften and therefore may be as often used of the process as of the effect. The term …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Harden — Hard en (h[aum]rd n), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Hardened} ( nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Hardening} ( n*[i^]ng).] [OE. hardnen, hardenen.] 1. To make hard or harder; to make firm or compact; to indurate; as, to harden clay or iron. [1913 Webster] 2. To… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • harden — hard‧en [ˈhɑːdn ǁ ˈhɑːrdn] verb [intransitive] FINANCE if prices on a financial market harden, they go up: • Tesco hardened 4 pence to 225.5 pence. * * * harden UK US /ˈhɑːdən/ verb [I] UK FINANCE, STOCK MARKET ► if prices or share prices harden …   Financial and business terms

  • harden — [v1] make or become solid amalgamate, anneal, bake, brace, buttress, cake, calcify, callous, cement, close, clot, coagulate, compact, congeal, consolidate, contract, crystallize, curdle, densify, dry, firm, fix, fortify, fossilize, freeze, gird,… …   New thesaurus

  • harden — [härd′ n] vt. [ME hardnen < ON harthna & < ME hard, HARD] 1. to make solid, rigid, or firm 2. to make callous [to harden one s heart] 3. to accustom to varying or adverse conditions or climate vi. to become solid, rigid, callous, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Harden — Hard en, v. i. 1. To become hard or harder; to acquire solidity, or more compactness; as, mortar hardens by drying. [1913 Webster] The deliberate judgment of those who knew him [A. Lincoln] has hardened into tradition. The Century. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Harden — Harden, so v.w. Gemeine Muräne …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Harden [1] — Harden, Dorf in Wales, s. Hawarden …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Harden [2] — Harden, Maximilian, Schriftsteller, geb. 20. Okt. 1861 in Berlin, hieß ursprünglich Witkowski, legte jedoch diesen Namen gleichzeitig mit seinen Angehörigen um das Jahr 1886 wegen eines Familienkonflikts nieder und nannte sich H., während sein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Harden — Harden, Maximilian, Schriftsteller, geb. 20. Okt. 1861 in Berlin, Herausgeber (seit 1892) der Wochenschrift »Zukunft«, schrieb polit. und soziale Essays u. d. T. »Apostata« (2 Bde., 1892) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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