Gynne


Gynne
This interesting and unusual surname has two distinct possible sources, each with its own history and derivation. Firstly, Gynn may have originated as a metonymic occupational name for a trapper, or as a nickname for a particularly clever and cunning person, from the Middle English "gin, ginne", an aphetic form of the Old French "engin", skill, ingenuity, with the later meaning of "snare, trap". Job descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. Nicknames were given with reference to a variety of personal characteristics, such as physical attributes or peculiarities, and mental or moral characteristics, and consequently gave rise to many early medieval surnames. One Walter Gynn was recorded in the 1275 Subsidy Rolls of Worcestershire. The second possibility is that Gynn is either a variant form of the Welsh "Gwyn", a nickname surname from "gwen", white-headed, favourite, or an Anglicized form of the Old Gaelic "MagFhinn", son of Finn, a byname from "fionn", fair or white-haired. One William ap Guyn was noted in the 1327 Subsidy Rolls of Shropshire, and Gwyn, together with its Irish cognate Finn, are still popular male given names. A Coat of Arms granted to the Gynn family of Hertfordshire is an azure shield with a gold griffin segreant, on a chief indented ermine three pellets, the Crest being a bird close azure on a gold garb. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry Gin, which was dated 1191, in the "Pipe Rolls of Norfolk", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "Richard the Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gynne — Gyn ne (g[i^]n ne), v. i. To begin. See {Gin}. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gynne — noun English comedienne and mistress of Charles II (1650 1687) • Syn: ↑Gwynn, ↑Gywn, ↑Nell Gwynn, ↑Nell Gywn, ↑Nell Gwynne, ↑Eleanor Gwynn, ↑Eleanor Gwyn, ↑Eleanor Gwynne …   Useful english dictionary

  • List of Rectors of Exeter College — The following is a list of rectors of Exeter College, Oxford.Rectors of Exeter College1318 1566*John Parys (1318 – 1319) *Stephen de Pippecote] (1322 – 1325) *John de Sevenaysshe (1325 – 1326) *John de Kelly (1326 – 1327) *Richard de Pyn (1327 –… …   Wikipedia

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  • Ginn — This most interesting and unusual surname is of early medieval English origin, though ultimately deriving from an Old French word. It may be either a metonymic occupational name for a trapper, or a nickname for a particularly clever person, or… …   Surnames reference

  • Sackville, Charles, Sixth Earl Of Dorset — (1638 1706)    The son of the fifth earl (he succeeded to the title in 1677), he was elected to Parliament for East Grinstead, Sussex, in 1660. In 1662, he, with four others, was indicted for killing and robbing a tanner named Hoppy. Their… …   British and Irish poets

  • Eleanor Gwyn — noun English comedienne and mistress of Charles II (1650 1687) • Syn: ↑Gwynn, ↑Gywn, ↑Gynne, ↑Nell Gwynn, ↑Nell Gywn, ↑Nell Gwynne, ↑Eleanor Gwynn, ↑Eleanor Gwynne …   Useful english dictionary

  • Eleanor Gwynn — noun English comedienne and mistress of Charles II (1650 1687) • Syn: ↑Gwynn, ↑Gywn, ↑Gynne, ↑Nell Gwynn, ↑Nell Gywn, ↑Nell Gwynne, ↑Eleanor Gwyn, ↑Eleanor Gwynne …   Useful english dictionary

  • Eleanor Gwynne — noun English comedienne and mistress of Charles II (1650 1687) • Syn: ↑Gwynn, ↑Gywn, ↑Gynne, ↑Nell Gwynn, ↑Nell Gywn, ↑Nell Gwynne, ↑Eleanor Gwynn, ↑Eleanor Gwyn …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gwynn — noun English comedienne and mistress of Charles II (1650 1687) • Syn: ↑Gywn, ↑Gynne, ↑Nell Gwynn, ↑Nell Gywn, ↑Nell Gwynne, ↑Eleanor Gwynn, ↑Eleanor Gwyn, ↑Eleanor Gwynne …   Useful english dictionary


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