Gyles


Gyles
This interesting surname derives from the personal name Giles, which is of Greek origin, from "Aegidius", meaning "wearer of the aegis (goatskin)". St. Giles (originally Aegidius) left Greece to become a hermit in France, and was only discovered when the hind of whose milk he lived was pursued to his hermitage by a royal hunting party. It is said that his Greek name was turned into Gidie, then to Gide, and finally became Gilles, the usual French form. St. Giles is regarded as the patron of beggars and cripples; hence the London Church of St. Giles Cripplegate. The name was introduced into England and Scotland by the Normans, with the names Gilo and Ghilo appearing in the Domesday Book of 1086. The surname is first recorded in the latter half of the 12th Century (see below). One William Gyles is registered in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex (1296). In the modern idiom the surname has three spelling variations; Giles, Gyles and Jiles. One Jonathin Giles is recorded as living in Virginia on February 16th 1623, he is believed to have been one of the earliest of the namebearers in the New World. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is a red shield charged on a gold cross between four gold chalices, four lions' heads full-faced proper, on a gold chief three black pelicans, the Crest being three pansy flowers proper issuing from a gold chalice. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Ailward Gile, which was dated 1176, in the "Pipe Rolls of Buckinghamshire", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gyles — m English: variant spelling of GILES (SEE Giles) …   First names dictionary

  • gyles — n. fermented malt used in vinegar making; large container in which malt ferments …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Gyles Brandreth — Member of Parliament for City of Chester In office 9 April 1992 – 2 May 1997 Preceded by Peter Morrison …   Wikipedia

  • Gyles' Quay — is an isolated stretch of beach located 1 km south of the R173/R175 road in County Louth, Ireland. It was named after Ross Gyles who build a wood structure there in 1780. It was later rebuilt in stone in 1824 and survives to this day.The long… …   Wikipedia

  • Roger Gyles — Infobox Person image size = 150px name = Roger Vincent Gyles caption = birth date = Birth date and age|1938|8|22|df=y birth place = Sydney Australia death date = death place = education = Newington College University of Sydney occupation = Judge …   Wikipedia

  • Mascal Gyles — (died 1652), was an English polemic. Gyles was vicar of Ditchling, Sussex, from 1621 till about 1644. In 1648 he became vicar of Wartling, also in Sussex, as appears by an order of the House of Lords, 2 March of that year. Gyles was buried at… …   Wikipedia

  • John Gyles Motor Inn — (Benton,Канада) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 1182 Route #165, E7N …   Каталог отелей

  • Clifford Gyles — is a former city councillor in Mississauga, Ontario, convicted of municipal corruption and breach of trust. He was originally sentenced to 2 1/2 years imprisonment, but was allowed out on bail to appeal. On December 8, 2005, a panel of judges… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Gyles Turner — infobox person nationality = AustralianHenry Gyles Turner (12 December 1831 – 30 November 1920) was a notable Australian banker and historian.Turner was born at Kensington, London. He was educated at the Poland street academy and at 15 years of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfred William Gyles — (March 7, 1888 – May 15, 1967) was New Zealand chess champion on two occasions 1930/31 and 1935/36.Gyles was born in Wellington, New Zealand and died in Levin. [citation|last=Gaige|first=Jeremy|author link=Jeremy Gaige|year=1987|title=Chess… …   Wikipedia


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