Recorded as Gloster and Gloucester, this is a medieval English surname. It is locational and originates from the famous city of Gloucester, which in ancient times was the most important port on the western side of the country. Gloucester has also from early medieval times been one of the royal dukedoms, so the name has always been in the forefront of national awareness. The spelling as Gloster is dialectal, but interestingly has been used semi-officially almost as often as the arguably "correct" form of Gloucester. The first known mention of the place name is in the year 313 a.d, during the Roman occupation of England when the place was known as Gleawecestre, the literal translation being "Beautiful camp". The city is recorded in the famous Domesday Book of 1086 as Glowcestre, whilst the first known recording of the surname also appears in the same register as Durandos de Glouucestre, although the entry is by a different clerk, and hence a different spelling. Locational names are usually "from" names. That is to say names given to people after they left their original homes and moved somewhere else, as in the recording of William de Glostria, in the pipe rolls of Oxford in 1242.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Gloucester [1] — Gloucester (Glocester, spr. Gloster), 1) (Gloucestershire), Grafschaft im südwestlichen England, mit dem Titel eines Herzogthums, 59,38 QM.; grenzt an Hereford, Worcestershire, Warwickshire, Oxfordshire, Wiltshire, Somersetshire u. Monmuthshire;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gloucester — Gloucester, MA U.S. city in Massachusetts Population (2000): 30273 Housing Units (2000): 13958 Land area (2000): 25.963479 sq. miles (67.245098 sq. km) Water area (2000): 15.531852 sq. miles (40.227311 sq. km) Total area (2000): 41.495331 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gloucester, MA — U.S. city in Massachusetts Population (2000): 30273 Housing Units (2000): 13958 Land area (2000): 25.963479 sq. miles (67.245098 sq. km) Water area (2000): 15.531852 sq. miles (40.227311 sq. km) Total area (2000): 41.495331 sq. miles (107.472409… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • GLOUCESTER — GLOUCESTER, county town in N. England. Its Jewish community is first mentioned in the financial records of 1158–59. It was again mentioned in connection with an alleged ritual murder in 1168. The Jewry was situated in the present East Gate Street …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gloucester [1] — Gloucester (spr. glósster), 1) Stadt (city) und Grafschaft im südwestlichen England, auf einem Hügel am Severn. Unter ihren Gebäuden zeichnen sich aus die Kathedrale, wesentlich normannischen Stils, aus dem Ende des 11. und dem 12. Jahrh., mit 68 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gloucester [2] — Gloucester (spr. Gloster), Grafen u. Herzöge von G., Titel eines jüngeren Prinzen od. Adoptivkindes des königlichen Hauses von England. Merkwürdig sind: 1) Robert, Graf von G., Heinrichs I. natürlicher Sohn, erfocht in den bürgerlichen Unruhen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gloucester [2] — Gloucester (spr. glósster), Grafen und Herzoge von, Titel, die meistens jüngere Prinzen und Adoptivkinder des königlichen Hauses von England geführt haben. Die namhaftesten Träger desselben sind: 1) Robert, Graf von, natürlicher Sohn Heinrichs I …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gloucester — (Glocester, spr. glostĕr), Grafschaft in Westengland mit dem Titel eines Herzogtums, 3220 qkm, (1901) 634.666 E.; Viehzucht, Milchwirtschaft (Gloucesterkäse). – Die Hauptstadt G., am Severn, 47.955 E., Hafen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gloucester [2] — Gloucester (spr. glostĕr), Seestadt im nordamerik. Staate Massachusetts, (1900) 26.121 E.; Fischerhafen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gloucester [3] — Gloucester (spr. glostĕr), Grafen und Herzöge von, Titel vieler Prinzen des königl. Hauses in England. Erwähnenswert: Rob., Graf von G., natürlicher Sohn Heinrichs I., kämpfte im Bürgerkriege 1139 für seine Schwester Mathilde gegen Stephan von… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gloucester — oder Glocester (Gloster), südengl. Grafschaft, 592/5 QM. groß mit 458000 E., einer der reichsten Ackerbau und Viehzucht treibenden Bezirke Englands. Die Hauptstadt G. an der Severn ist Bischofssitz und hat einen schönen goth. Dom, 32000 E.,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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