Gilliard


Gilliard
Recorded in a number of spellings, as shown below, this is an English surname although one ultimately of French origins. It is a diminutive form of one or more of the personal names Giles, Julian or William, all introduced into the British Isles at or after the famous Conquest of England in 1066. Over the centuries the origins have become confused to the point where it is no longer possible to assign separate derivations to modern surname holders. The current known spellings include Gillard, Gilliard, Gillatt, Gilliatt, Gillyatt, Gillott, Gillyett, Gilyott, Jillett and Jellett, and others. Giles is ultimately from the Greek word "aigidion", meaning kid. When introduced it was as Gille, with the then diminutive forms of Gillet and Gillot, as in Gillot de Lackenby of Yorkshire in the year 1250, and Peter Giliot of Kirkstall, also Yorkshire, in 1333. Julian, and the female form Gillian, are from Juppiter, the supreme god, whose name is akin to words meaning sky, light, or day. From this derived the diminutives Gallard, Gillard and Gilliatt, as in Henry Gillard of Nottinghamshire in 1273. William derives from the French and earlier German Guillame from the wil", meaning desire or conviction and "helm", protection, as in Guylote Belebonche in London in 1319. The first recorded spelling of the family name in any spelling may be John Gilot of Durham in the Assize Rolls of the county in 1243, during the reign of King Henry 111rd, 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as the Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gilliard — is a family name. It may refer to:* Ernest Thomas Gilliard (1912 1965), American ornithologist * Larry Gilliard Jr., African American character actor * Pierre Gilliard (1879 1962), Swiss citizen and French tutor for the five children of Tsar… …   Wikipedia

  • Gilliard — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ernest Thomas Gilliard (1912–1965), US amerikanischer Ornithologe Lawrence Gilliard junior (* 1971), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Pierre Gilliard (1879–1962), von 1904 bis 1917 Erzieher und Hauslehrer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gilliard — Dérivé de Gilles surtout porté dans le Nord. Variantes : Gilliaert, Gilliart …   Noms de famille

  • Gilliard's Flying-fox — Taxobox name = Gilliard s Flying fox status = VU | status system = IUCN2.3 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Chiroptera familia = Pteropodidae genus = Pteropus species = P. gilliardorum binomial = Pteropus gilliardorum …   Wikipedia

  • Gilliard’s flying fox — Žiliardo skraidančioji lapė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Pteropus gilliardi angl. Gilliard’s flying fox rus. летучая лисица Жиллиарда ryšiai: platesnis terminas – skraidančiosios lapės …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Pierre Gilliard — avec les grandes duchesses Olga et Tatiana Pays Suisse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Steve Gilliard — (November 13, 1964 – June 2, 2007) was a freelance journalist and left wing political blogger who ran the website The News Blog. An outspoken and at times controversial figure, he was an influential voice in the leftwing political… …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre Gilliard — Infobox Person name = Pierre Gilliard image size = 250px caption = Pierre Gilliard with his pupils, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia and Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia at Livadia in 1911. Courtesy: Beinecke Library. birth date …   Wikipedia

  • Ernest Thomas Gilliard — (* 23. November 1912 in York, Pennsylvania; † 26. Januar 1965 in New York City) war ein amerikanischer Ornithologe.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edmond Gilliard — Edmond Gilliard, né à Fiez sur Grandson le 10 octobre 1875 et mort à Lausanne le 11 mars 1969, est un écrivain, enseignant et critique littéraire vaudois. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvres …   Wikipédia en Français


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