Gath


Gath
This long-established surname is of Old Norse origin, and is a topographical name from residence near an enclosure, normally a paddock or orchard, deriving from the Northern Middle English "garth", ultimately from the Old Norse "garthr", enclosed area, yard. Topographical surnames, such as this, were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognisable distinguishing name in the small communities of the Middle Ages. In some instances, the name may be specifically locational from Garth, a minor spot in the Sunderland county borough of Durham. Early examples of the surname include: Mariota del Garth (Cumberland, 1332) and Willelmus del Garth' (Yorkshire, 1379). On May 14th 1564, William Garth, an infant, was christened at St. Crux, Yorkshire, and on November 13th 1572, the marriage of Thomas Garth to Ellynor Dickison took place at St. Andrew's, Auckland, Durham. A notable bearer of the name was Sir Samuel Garth (1661 - 1719), physician in ordinary to King George 1, and physician-general to the army. In 1700, he made a Latin oration over the body of Dryden as it lay in state at the College of Physicians. The family Coat of Arms is a gold shield, with two lions passant in pale between three black crosses crosslet fitchee. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John del Garth, which was dated 1297, in "Early Medieval Records of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • GATH — (Heb. גַּת), name of several Canaanite cities often appearing with a toponymic addition to differentiate them (e.g., Gath Hepher, Gath Rimmon, Gath Gittaim, etc.). Four cities called Gath are listed among the conquests of Thutmose III and several …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gath — [gath] n. 〚Heb, lit., wine press〛 Bible one of the cities of the Philistines: 2 Sam. 1:20 * * * Gath (găth) An ancient city of Palestine east northeast of Gaza. It was one of the five Philistine city kingdoms and the home of Goliath. * * * ▪… …   Universalium

  • Gath — can refer to: * Gath (city), the biblical city and home of Goliath * Gath (helmet), a lightweight helmet made by Gath Sports Pty Ltd * Gath (magazine), the successor to Gairm, the most significant Scottish Gaelic magazine for its longevity and… …   Wikipedia

  • Gath — ist der Name von: Goswin Peter Gath (1898–1959), deutscher Schriftsteller Gath bezeichnet des Weiteren: Gat auch Gath geschrieben, eine Stadt aus dem Alten Testament Siehe auch: Ghat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gath — «gahth», noun. = gat4. (Cf. ↑gat) Gath «gath», noun. one of the five confederate cities of the Philistines. It was the home of the giant Goliath, whom David killed with a sling (in the Bible, I Samuel 5:8, 9). * * * Gath see tell v. 3 b …   Useful english dictionary

  • gath — «gahth», noun. = gat4. (Cf. ↑gat) Gath «gath», noun. one of the five confederate cities of the Philistines. It was the home of the giant Goliath, whom David killed with a sling (in the Bible, I Samuel 5:8, 9). * * * Gath see tell v. 3 b …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gath — [gath] n. [Heb, lit., wine press] Bible one of the cities of the Philistines: 2 Sam. 1:20 …   English World dictionary

  • gath|er|um — «GATH uhr uhm», noun. Informal. a miscellany: »[He] also instituted a saucily written Monday morning gatherum of gags, anecdotes, and other small bits that hadn t found their way into the previous week s news stories (Harper s) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gath — (a. Geogr.), 1) (G. Rimmon) eine der Fünffürstenstädte der Philister, Vaterstadt des Riesen Goliath, wurde unter Samuel von den Israeliten erobert, hatte aber unter Saul wieder eigne Könige; David eroberte G. u. legte eine Besatzung hinein;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gath [1] — Gath (»Kelter«), eine der fünf Fürstenstädte der Philister, bekannt als Heimat des Riesen Goliath, wurde von David erobert, von Rehabeam befestigt und fiel unter Joas in die Hände der Syrer. Man sucht G. im heutigen Dhikrîn, östlich von Askalon …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gath [2] — Gath, Pseudonym, s. Townsend …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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