- This unusual name is of Olde Norse origin, and is a locational surname deriving from the place called 'Garstang' in North Lancashire, an area that was widely settled by Scandinavian invaders in the 8th Century and 9th Century. The placename is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Cherestanc', and in the Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 1195 as 'Gairstang', and means the 'gor' by the boundary pole. The derivation is from the Olde Norse 'geiri', a gore, or triangular piece of land, from 'geirr', a spear, with 'stang', pole or boundary marker. Locational names were usually given to the lord of the manor, and especially to those former inhabitants who moved to live or work in another area. The Will of one Andrew Garstang of Leyland was proved at Chester in 1616, and John Garstang married Grace Aspinall on the 7th April 1656 at Padiham, Lancashire. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de Gairestang, which was dated 1379, The Yorkshire Poll Tax Returns, during the reign of King Richard II, Richard of Bordeaux, 1377 - 1399. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
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Garstang — Infobox UK place official name= Garstang population= 4,074 (2001 Census) country= England os grid reference= SD495455 london distance= 199 miles (322 km) SE latitude= 53.903 longitude= 2.767 shire district= Wyre shire county= Lancashire region=… … Wikipedia
Garstang — Original name in latin Garstang Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.90081 latitude 2.77417 altitude 22 Population 6433 Date 2010 09 16 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
GARSTANG, JOHN° — (1876–1956), British archaeologist; professor of archaeology at the University of Liverpool from 1907 to 1941. From 1900 to 1908 he conducted excavations in Egypt, Nubia, Asia Minor, and northern Syria, and from 1909 to 1914 he worked at ancient… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Garstang Town railway station — served the market town of Garstang in Lancashire, England.rail line previous=Nateby next=Garstang and Catterall route=Garstang and Knot End Railway col=964B00 ###@@@KEYEND@@@### … Wikipedia
Garstang and Knot-End Railway — The Garstang and Knot End Railway [ sic ] was devised to provide an outlet for farmers in the Over Wyre area of the Fylde in Lancashire, England, to transport their produce up and down the country. HistoryIn December 1863, a prospectus was… … Wikipedia
Garstang and Catterall railway station — Infobox UK disused station| name = Garstang Catterall| manager = London and North Western Railway | locale = Catterall| borough = Wyre| platforms = 3 | caption = | line = Lancaster and Preston Junction Railway| latitude = 53.8890 | longitude =… … Wikipedia
Garstang, John — ▪ British archaeologist born May 5, 1876, Blackburn, Lancashire, Eng. died Sept. 12, 1956, Beirut, Lebanon English archaeologist who made major contributions to the study of the ancient history and prehistory of Asia Minor and Palestine.… … Universalium
Walter Garstang — (February 9, 1868 February 23, 1949), a Fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford, was a marine biologist and zoologist who was one of the first to study the functional biology of marine invertebrate larvae. His best known works on marine larvae were his … Wikipedia
John Garstang — Infobox Scientist name = John Garstang box width = image width =150px caption = John Garstang aged 80 birth date = May 5, 1876 birth place = death date = September 12, 1956 death place = Beirut residence = citizenship = nationality = British… … Wikipedia
St Thomas' Church, Garstang — St Thomas , Garstang … Wikipedia