This unusual surname is of French origins, and dates back to the 1066 Norman Invasion in many instances. The name had a second introduction after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, and therefore when first recorded after that date is usually Huguenot refugee. In origin the name is either locational in which case it describes a former inhabitant of Gironde in Gascony, France, or it is one of the many nickname diminutives which have developed from the popular medieval French baptismal name 'Gervase'. These derivatives include Gerant, Gerrans, Gerin, Gerring, Jerrans, Garron, Garren, Garrand, Gearing, Jerrand, as well as overlaps with Goring, Gerard, and no doubt many others. What is certain is that the earliest surname holders were part of William the Conqueror's successful army and were granted significant estates in England. Examples of these early recordings include Tustin de Girunde in the 1086 Domesday Book for the county of Kent, whilst Walter de Gyrunde, and Geoffrey Geron are registered in the 1279 rolls known as the 'Feet of Fines' for the county of Essex. Henry Girun is recorded in the Curia Regis rolls of Cambridge in 1210 a.d., Robert Jeryn in the London rolls of the year 1319, whilst Robert Geroun is recorded in the Hundred Rolls of Cambridge in 1327. The coat of Arms granted to Sir William de Geroun of Essex in 1377 is known as an 'ancient' and predates the future College of Arms. It has the blazon of argent, three piles in pale meeting in base, gules. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Turstinus de Giron, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book for Kent, during the reign of King William 1st, known as 'The conqueror', 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Gearing — Gear ing, n. 1. Harness. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mach.) The parts by which motion imparted to one portion of an engine or machine is transmitted to another, considered collectively; as, the valve gearing of a locomotive engine; belt gearing; esp., a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gearing — Also known as the debt/equity ratio or leverage. The ratio of debt (borrowings) to shareholder funds (broadly, share capital and retained profits), often expressed as a percentage or ratio. It is often used as a measure of the risk attached to a… …   Law dictionary

  • gearing — [gir′iŋ] n. 1. the act or manner of fitting a machine with gears 2. a system of gears or other parts for transmitting motion …   English World dictionary

  • gearing — the ratio between the business s debt and equity finance. Glossary of Business Terms financial leverage. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary Also known as leverage. Gearing describes the situation when an asset is controlled for a relatively low… …   Financial and business terms

  • Gearing — Financial leverage. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * gearing gear‧ing [ˈgɪərɪŋ ǁ ˈgɪr ] also ˌcapital ˈgearing noun [uncountable] FINANCE the amount of borrowing that a company has in relation to its share capital. If the company makes …   Financial and business terms

  • gearing — [1] The combination or system of gears or sprockets designed to transmit power. [2] The ratio between the drive gear and the driven gear. also See alpine gearing crossover gearing double reduction gearing half step gearing wide step gearing wide… …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • Gearing — Gear Gear (g[=e]r) v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Geared} (g[=e]rd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Gearing}.] 1. To dress; to put gear on; to harness. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mach.) To provide with gearing. [1913 Webster] 3. To adapt toward some specific purpose; as, they… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gearing — A fundamental analysis ratio of a company s level of long term debt compared to its equity capital. Gearing is expressed in percentage form. Companies with high gearing more long term liabilities than shareholder equity are considered speculative …   Investment dictionary

  • gearing — capital gearing; = equity gearing; = financial gearing; = leverage The relationship between the funds provided to a company by ordinary share holders and the long term funds with a fixed interest charge, such as debentures and preference shares.… …   Accounting dictionary

  • gearing — capital gearing; equity gearing; financial gearing; leverage The relative size of the funds provided to a company by its ordinary shareholders and the long term funds with a fixed interest charge, such as debentures and preference shares A… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • gearing — / gɪərɪŋ/ noun the act of borrowing money at fixed interest which is then used to produce more money than the interest paid COMMENT: High gearing (when a company is said to be ‘highly geared’) indicates that the level of borrowings is high when… …   Dictionary of banking and finance

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