- This early and very interesting surname, popular throughout Europe, is of Ancient Greek, pre Christian, origins. It derives from the word "episkopos", translating as the overseer, from the elements "epi", meaning on or over, plus "skopein", to look. The early Christians adopted the word for the headman of their local communities, and from the 4th century a.d. it was applied to a religious leader. Derivatives of "episkopos" include for example "obispo", in Spanish, and "bischof" in German, and "yepiskop" in Russian.. However spelt, and there are over one hundred forms ranging from Bisp, Evesque and Vesque, to Vesco, Bischop, Yepiskopov, and Piscotti, the surname did not refer to a bishop as such. It was either occupational, and described somebody who served in the household of a bishop, or it was a nickname for a person who played the part of a bishop in the travelling theatres of the medieval period. In England there was the strange custom of electing a "boy bishop" on St. Nicholas's Day, the 6th of December, and some nameholders may well derive from that source. The earliest of all surnames and hence their recordings are in England and Germany. These date from the 12th century and examples include Thurstan le Byssop, of the county of Essex in the year 1240, and Berchtoldus Episcopus of Oberweiler, Germany, in 1296, and Haintz der Pischoffer of Tiefenbach, Germany, in 1396. The first recorded spelling of the surname anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Lefwinus Bissop, which was dated 1166, in the Pipe Rolls of the city of Nottingham, England. This was during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Red Records — ist ein 1976 von Sergio Veschi (* 1943 bei Urbino) gegründetes, unabhängiges italienisches Jazzlabel, das seinen Sitz in Mailand hat. Geschichte des Labels Der Jazzfan Sergio Veschi hatte neben seinem Hauptberuf bei Olivetti in den 70er Jahren… … Deutsch Wikipedia
12 bis — Logo de 12 bis Repères historiques Création août 2007 Dates clés 2008 … Wikipédia en Français
Nekomix — Création 1er septembre 1998 Fondateurs Josselin Azorin Lara, Saïd Ben Sliman … Wikipédia en Français
Gini coefficient — The Gini coefficient is a measure of statistical dispersion most prominently used as a measure of inequality of income distribution or inequality of wealth distribution. It is defined as a ratio with values between 0 and 1: A low Gini coefficient … Wikipedia
Bishop of Tortosa — The Bishop of Tortosa is the ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tortosa in Spain. The bishop is a suffragan of the Archbishop of Tarragona.List of bishops of Tortosa*San Rufo 64 90? *Macià s. II *Quart c. 156 *Eustorqui s.III *Exuperanci ¿ … Wikipedia
Sidney Ainsworth — (December 21, 1872 May 21, 1922) was a screen and stage actor who appeared in his first movie in 1909. He was born in Manchester, England and died in Madison, Wisconsin.Filmography*Mr. Barnes of New York (1922) .... Danella *A Poor Relation… … Wikipedia
Bobby Watson — For the Hall of Fame jockey, see: Robert B. WatsonBobby Watson (born Lawrence, Kansas, August 23, 1953) is an American post bop jazz alto saxophonist, composer, producer, and educator.Early lifeWatson grew up in Kansas City, Kansas. He was… … Wikipedia
Onda Verde (radio) — Onda Verde ( Green Wave ) is the name given to the radio traffic reports produced by the Centro di Coordinamento Informazioni sulla Sicurezza Stradale (Road Safety Information Co ordinating Centre) in Italy and transmitted by the Italian national … Wikipedia
Fryderyk Frontier — Fryderyk Fred Mieszko Frontier was a naturalized American citizen who disappeared near Taroko Gorge in Taiwan some time between May 22 and May 26, 2003.Upbringing and interests Born Fryderyk Mieszko Veschi in Rome to an Italian father and Polish… … Wikipedia
Bischof von Tortosa — Die folgenden Personen waren Bischöfe von Tortosa, Katalonien (Spanien): San Rufo 64–90? Macia s. II. Quart ca. 156 Eustorqui s. III. Exuperanci ?–369 Herodot s. IV. Lirios 364–399 Heros ca. 400 Ervici s. VI. Ursus 516–525 Assellus 525–546… … Deutsch Wikipedia