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Furze

Translation
Furze
This is a topographical surname of Olde English pre 7th century origins. Recorded in spellings of Furse, Furze, Fursan, Furslan, and Fursland, it translates as 'one who lives by the furze or gorse', or possibly at a place called 'Furze'. As gorse or furze was to be found in most parts of the British Isles at that time, the meaning was clearly more specific. It probably described the reverse, that is to say an area formerly of gorse which was cleared for agriculture, or more specific still, 'furse' was used as a defensive wall, either by being cut and laid in a suitable manner or even grown as a hedge to keep out invaders or keep in the cattle. There are many places called Furse Hill, mainly in the south of England, and there is even a Furse Island, this being one of the famous islands of Poole Harbour in Dorset. Early examples of the surname recording include Matilda atte Furzan in the Somerset Rolls of the year 1272, although this is not a hereditary spelling form, and Robert de la Furse of Devon in 1273. Catherine Fuers was christened at St Botolphs church, Bishopgate, London on October 15th 1606, Daniel Furse at St Katherines by the Tower (of London), on November 26th 1609, and Andrew Fursland, also spelt Furseland, is recorded as being a witness at the same church of St Katherine on April 12th 1619 in the reign of James 1st of England. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de Furse, which was dated 1273, in the Hundred Rolls of the county of Devon, during the reign of King Edward 1st, known as 'The hammer of the Scots', 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • Furze — Furze, n. [OE. firs, As. fyrs.] (Bot.) A thorny evergreen shrub ({Ulex Europ[ae]us}), with beautiful yellow flowers, very common upon the plains and hills of Great Britain; called also {gorse}, and {whin}. The dwarf furze is {Ulex nanus}. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Furze — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) Black Metal, Doom Metal Gründung 1996 Website http://www …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • furze — furze; furze·ling; …   English syllables

  • furze — [fə:z US fə:rz] n [U] a wild bush with sharp stems and bright yellow flowers …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • furze — evergreen shrub, O.E. fyrs, of unknown origin, with no known connections …   Etymology dictionary

  • furze — noun very spiny and dense evergreen shrub with fragrant golden yellow flowers; common throughout western Europe • Syn: ↑gorse, ↑whin, ↑Irish gorse, ↑Ulex europaeus • Hypernyms: ↑shrub, ↑bush • …   Useful english dictionary

  • furze — noun A thorny evergreen shrub (Ulex Europaeus), with beautiful yellow flowers, very common upon the plains and hills of Great Britain; called also gorse, and whin. The dwarf furze is Ulex nanus. Clumps of withered grass stood out on the hill top; …   Wiktionary

  • furze — noun Etymology: Middle English firse, from Old English fyrs; akin to Russian pyreĭ quack grass, Greek pyros wheat Date: before 12th century gorse • furzy adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • furze — /ferrz/, n. gorse. Also called, esp. Brit., whin. [bef. 1000; ME furse, firse, OE fyr(e)s; akin to Russ pyréi couch grass, Gk pyrós wheat, Lith dial. purai winter wheat] * * * …   Universalium

  • furze — see GORSE …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins