Furlong


Furlong
Recorded in the spellings of Forlong, Forlonge, Furlong and Furlonge, this is an English medieval surname. It derives from the pre 7th century Olde English 'furlange' meaning 'a long furrow', and this in turn came to be associated by useage with a specific distance of 220 yards or one eighth of a mile. However as a 'furlong' is usually an abstract measurement, it seems more likely that the surname is derived from a specific place or places, and this is born out by such recordings as John de Forhlang of Suffolk in the Fees Rolls of the year 1250, and Richard de Furlang in the Assize Rolls of Lancashire in 1260. If this is so then these are 'lost' medieval sites, as no records of such places appear in any known gazetteer. The late Professor Reaney suggested that in some cases the surname may have described an early athlete, one who ran at a race-course, otherwise known as a 'furlong'. This would appear to be confirmed by a quotation from Chaucer who in 1374 wrote 'Yif a man rennes in the stadie or in the forlong... for the pris' so describing it would seem athletic pursuits for which prizes were given. The surname is very early, and this in itself is a good indication that the meaning is outside the more usual categories. Other early examples include John Forlong of Oxford in the Oseney Rolls of 1316 and John atte Forlange in the 1327 Subsidy Rolls of Sussex. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert Furlang, which was dated 1242, the Fees Rolls of the county of Devon, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as 'The Frenchman' 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Furlong — Fur long, n. [OE. furlong, furlang, AS. furlang, furlung, prop., the length of a furrow; furh furrow + lang long. See {Furrow}, and {Long}, a.] A measure of length; the eighth part of a mile; forty rods; two hundred and twenty yards. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • furlong — ● furlong nom masculin (anglais furlong) Unité anglo saxonne de longueur agraire, égale à 220 yards …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • furlong — O.E. furlang measure of distance (roughly 220 yards), originally the length of a furrow in the common field of 10 acres, from furh furrow + lang long. The acre of the common field being variously measured, the furlong was fixed 9c. on the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • furlong — [fʉr′lôŋ΄] n. [ME < OE furlang, a measure, lit., length of a furrow < furh, FURROW + lang, LONG1] a unit of length in the FPS system, equal to 220 yards or 1/ 8 statute mile (201.168 meters): one square furlong equals ten acres: abbrev. fur …   English World dictionary

  • Furlong — (spr. Förrióng), englisches Längenmaß = 1/8 englische Meile …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Furlong — (engl., spr. för , eigentlich a furrow long, »eine Furchenlänge«), engl. Feldmaß zu 10 Chains von 22 Yards = 201,164 m, in den Vereinigten Staaten = 201,168 m; bis 1825 in Schottland 240 Ells = 226,769 m und in Irland 280 Yards = 256,027 m …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Furlong — (spr. för ), engl. Längenmaß zu 220 Yards oder 660 Fuß = 201,16 m …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Furlong — (förrlong), 1/8 engl. Meile …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Furlong —   [ fəːlɔȖ; englisch, eigentlich »Länge einer Furche«] das, s/ s, Einheitenzeichen fur, in Großbritannien und in den USA verwendete Längeneinheit der Landwirtschaft: 1 fur = 220 yards = 201,168 m =1/8 mile.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • furlong — ► NOUN ▪ an eighth of a mile, 220 yards. ORIGIN from the Old English words for «furrow» + «long» (originally denoting the length of a furrow in a common field) …   English terms dictionary

  • Furlong — unit of length m= 201.16800 accuracy=6 A furlong is a measure of distance in imperial units and U.S. customary units. It is equal to one eighth of a mile or 660 feet or 201.168 metres.Five furlongs are approximately 1 kilometre (1.00584 km to be… …   Wikipedia


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