- This great and ancient name derives from the Greek "Alexandros", a compound of "alexin", to defend, plus "andros", the genitive form of "aner", a man; hence, "defender of men". Paris, son of King Priam of Troy, was given this name as a title of honour for saving his father's herdsmen from a gang of cattle rustlers, and it became hereditary among the Macedonian Kings. Alexander the Great (356 - 323 B.C.), who extended his dominions from Greece to the Punjab, was the most famous bearer of the name. The name was introduced into Scotland by Queen Margaret (wife of King Malcolm Ceannmor), from the Hungarian Court, where she was brought up, and in the 11th Century she christened her third son by this name. He became King Alexander 1, ruler of Scotland from 1107 - 1124. Two further kings, who reigned from 1215 to 1286, bore the name. Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling (1567 - 1640) was tutor to Prince Henry, son of James V1, and Secretary of State for Scotland from 1626 until his death. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Alexander, which was dated 1435, in the "Records of the Accounts of the City of Edinburgh", during the reign of King James 1 of Scotland, 1406 - 1437. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Alexander I. — Alexander hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herrscher namens Alexander 1.1 Alexander I. 1.2 Alexander II. 1.3 Alexander III. 1.4 Alexander IV … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alexander — stammt vom altgriechischen Namen Αλέξανδρος, Aléxandros, und bedeutet so viel wie Der die (fremden) Männer abwehrt und Der Beschützer. Die Bedeutung des Namens wird auch in Zusammenhang mit einem Golem in der jüdischen Mythologie gebracht,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alexander — Alexander, Christopher Alexander, islas de Alexander, sir Harold * * * (as used in expressions) William Alexander Abbott Agassiz, Alexander (Emmanuel Rodolphe) Alexander, archipiélago Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… … Enciclopedia Universal
Alexander VI — Pope Alexander VI † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Alexander VI Rodrigo Borgia, born at Xativa, near Valencia, in Spain, 1 January, 1431; died in Rome, 18 August, 1503. His parents were Jofre Lançol and Isabella Borja, sister of … Catholic encyclopedia
ALEXANDER° — ALEXANDER°, name of three Russian czars. ALEXANDER I, czar of Russia 1801–25. Alexander I s character and actions were to a large extent shaped by the vicissitudes he experienced in his struggle against napoleon . His ties with Metternich and the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Alexander — puede refererirse a: Alexander Artículos en Wikipedia Todas las páginas que comienzan por «Alexander» Contenido 1 Personajes 2 … Wikipedia Español
Alexander — Alexander, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 614 Housing Units (2000): 305 Land area (2000): 0.448323 sq. miles (1.161152 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.448323 sq. miles (1.161152 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Alexander V — • Pietro Philarghi, born c. 1339, on the island of Crete (Candia), whence his appellation, Peter of Candia; elected 26 June, 1409; died at Bologna, 3 May, 1410 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Alexander V … Catholic encyclopedia
Alexander I — may refer to:*Alexander I of Macedon, king of Macedon 495 450 B.C. *Alexander I of Epirus King of Epirus about 342 B.C. *Pope Alexander I, Pope from 106 to 115 *Alexander I of Scotland (c. 1078 1124), King of Scotland *Alexandru I cel Bun… … Wikipedia
ALEXANDER — (c. 36–7 B.C.E.), son of herod and mariamne . As Herod s heir presumptive, Alexander was educated in Rome with his younger brother Aristobulus from c. 23–17 B.C.E. On his return to Judea he married Glaphyra, the daughter of Archelaus, king of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ALEXANDER° — ALEXANDER°, name of seven popes. The following are the most significant for Jewish history: ALEXANDER II, reigned 1061–73, consistently followed the policy set by Pope gregory the Great at the end of the sixth century of applying suasion rather… … Encyclopedia of Judaism