Absalom
This long-established surname is of early medieval English origin, and derives from the male given name Absalom, ultimately from the Hebrew "Avshalom", a compound of the elements "av", father, and "shalom", peace. This was the name borne by the third son of King David, who rebelled against him, and eventually met his death when his long hair got caught in a tree as he was fleeing in his chariot. This story was a favourite one in medieval England, and led to the use of the name as a nickname for a man with a fine head of hair. The surname may also have originated from this use. Absolom, with variant forms Absolon, Apsolon and Abselon, was a very popular given name from the late 12th Century, and a quotation from Chaucer's Canterbury Tales reads, "Now was ther of that Chirche a parish clerk, The which that was ycleped Absolon ... Curl was his heer and as the gold it shoon". One Absolon filius (son of) Apsolon was noted in the 1199 Feet of Fines for Cambridgeshire, and a Thomas Absolom was noted in the Calendar of Letter Books for the City of London, dated 1281. In the modern idiom the name is spelt: Absalom, Absolem, Absolom, Absolon, Aspenlon, Aspland, Asplen, Asplin(g) and Ashplant. On May 13th 1742, William Absalom and Frances Curtis were married at Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Stephen Abselon, which was dated 1208, in the "Curia Regis Rolls of Oxfordshire", during the reign of King John, known as "Lackland", 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Absalom — • Article covers Absalom, son of David; Absalom, father of Mathathias; and Absalom, father of Jonathan Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Absalom     Absalom      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Absalom — or Avshalom ( he. אַבְשָלוֹם Father/Leader of/is peace or Salem is my Father , Standard Hebrew Avšalom, Tiberian Hebrew ʾAḇšālôm), in the Bible, is the third son of David, king of Israel. He was deemed the most beautified man in the kingdom (2… …   Wikipedia

  • ABSALOM — (Heb. אַבְשָׁלוֹם, אַבְשָׁלֹם, אֲבִישָׁלוֹם), third son of david , born during his reign in Hebron, probably about 1007/06 B.C.E. In the Bible Absalom was the son of Maacah, the daughter of King Talmai of Geshur. When his half brother Amnon… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ¡Absalom — ¡Absalom, Absalom! Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Absalom, Absalom! Autor William Faulkner País Estados Unidos Idioma Inglés Género …   Wikipedia Español

  • ABSALOM — (1) Judah Maccabaeus ambassador in 164 B.C.E. (II Macc. 11:17). (2) The father of Mattathias and Jonathan, who both held high commands during the Maccabean wars (I Macc. 11:70 and 13:11; Jos., Ant., 13:161, 202). (3) The younger son of John… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Absalom — Absalom, Absalom Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ¡Absalom, Absalom! Obtenido de Absalom, Absalom …   Wikipedia Español

  • Absalom — Absalom, 3. Sohn Davids von der Maecha, Tochter des Königs von Geschur, von großer Schönheit aber hochfahrendem, rachsüchtigem Wesen, erschlug seinen Bruder Ammon meuchlerisch, weil er Abss. Schwester Thamar mißbraucht hatte und entfloh zu seinem …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Absalom — (hebr., d.i. Vater des Friedens), Sohn Davids von der Maecha, Tochter des Königs Talmai von Gesur. Durch die Ermordung seines Stiefbruders Amnon, welcher A s rechte Schwester Thamur geschändet hatte, hatte sich A. Davids Zorn zugezogen u. war… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Absălom — (hebr., »Vater des Friedens«), drittgeborner Sohn Davids, ein schöner Mann, wegen seiner Leutseligkeit beim Volke beliebt, rächte die Schmach seiner Schwester Thamar an seinem ältesten Bruder Amnon durch dessen Ermordung und ward deshalb von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Absalom — Absalom, 3. Sohn des Königs David von Israel, als Empörer von Joab erstochen (2 Sam. 13 18) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Absalom — m Biblical: name (probably meaning ‘father of peace’ in Hebrew) of the third son of King David, who rebelled against him and was eventually killed when he was caught by the hair in an oak tree as he fled, to the great grief of his father (2… …   First names dictionary

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