This interesting and unusual name derives in the first instance from an Old German personal name, 'Fulco' or 'Folco', translating as 'people', and found as a given name in itself or as a short form of various Germanic names with the first element 'folk'. This was in existence in England before the Norman Conquest, and was re-introduced and spread by the Normans after 1066 in the Old French forms 'Fulco' and 'Foughes'. The personal name is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Folco' and 'Fulco', and the development included: Fuke (1166), Fulk (1177), Fouke (125) and Folkes (1279). The modern surname from this source has at least twenty-five variant forms, ranging from Folk, Folke(s), Foulk(e)s, Fulk and Fulk(e)s to Fewkes, Foakes, Fooks, Foukx, Fowke(s) and Fuke, while the typical southern counties forms, replacing 'f' with 'v', are Voak, Vokes, Volk(e) and Volk(e)s. The marriage of Henry Foulkes and Agnes Hall was recorded at St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate, in London, on January 20th 1594. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Peter Fulch, which was dated 1198, in the Feet of Fines for Somersetshire, during the reign of King Richard 1, known as 'The Lionheart', 1189-1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • folks — folks; folks·i·ly; folks·i·ness; grand·folks; folks·ey; …   English syllables

  • folks — index populace Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • folks — (n.) people of one s family, 1715, colloquial, from plural of FOLK (Cf. folk) …   Etymology dictionary

  • folks — [n] family brood, clan, horde, household, kin, parents, people, relatives, tribe; concepts 296,378,397 …   New thesaurus

  • Folks — Folk Folk (f[=o]k), Folks Folks (f[=o]ks), n. collect. & pl. [AS. folc; akin to D. volk, OS. & OHG. folk, G. volk, Icel. f[=o]lk, Sw. & Dan. folk, Lith. pulkas crowd, and perh. to E. follow.] 1. (Eng. Hist.) In Anglo Saxon times, the people of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • folks — noun a) The members of ones household; especially ones parents and immediate family. My folks visit us at Christmas. b) People in general; everybody or anybody. Lots of folks like to travel during the holidays. See Also: folk …   Wiktionary

  • folks — This is an informal, even archaic, term for people, folk, relatives, or race. Just folks and plain folks are trite phrases implying simplicity and unpretentiousness. Folksy is an informal term for sociable or genial : The President is a sociable… …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions

  • folks — n. one’s parents. (Always with the possessive.) □ I’ll have to ask my folks if I can go. □ Her folks are sort of mad at her …   Dictionary of American slang and colloquial expressions

  • folks — noun 1. your parents (Freq. 1) he wrote to his folks every day • Usage Domain: ↑plural, ↑plural form • Hypernyms: ↑kin, ↑kin group, ↑kinship group, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Folks — pl n 1. one s parents; 2. persons of one s own family; one s relatives: My folks are having a big bash tonight …   Dictionary of Australian slang

  • folks — Australian Slang pl n 1. one s parents; 2. persons of one s own family; one s relatives: My folks are having a big bash tonight …   English dialects glossary

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