Abrahams
This long-established surname, recorded in the spellings of Abraham, Abrahams, Abrahamson, the latter two being patronymics, and the abbreviated Abrams, also a apparent patronymic, is of 12th century origin, and a 'Crusader' introduction into Britain. As such it was not Jewish, although of Hebrew influence. It is one of a group such as Isaac, Joseph, and Abel, which were given by the returning Christian soldiers to their sons in recognition of their 'visit' to the Holy Land. These subsequently developed into English surnames in their own right. 'Abraham' translates as 'The father of the nation', and as such was borne by the first of the Jewish patriarchs, (Genesis 11-25). The 1086 Domesday Book for London refers to 'Abraham', a priest in the established (Christian) church, whilst in 1170 Abraham de Stradtuna was recorded in the Danelaw rolls of Lincolnshire. As a Jewish surname it was revived after the 'reign' of Oliver Cromwell (1649 - 1658), who in 1655 repealed the exile order of Edward 1st in 1290, and allowed the re-settlement of the Jewish people in Britain. The earliest recordings include John Abraham of Bedford in the Hundred Rolls of 1273, and Magota Abrahams in the 1379 Poll Tax rolls of Yorkshire. Later recordings include Sarah Abram, who was christened at the church of St. Mary Abbots, Kensington, London, on November 5th 1646, whilst on June 17th 1666 Richard Abrahams was christened at St Dunstans in the East, Stepney. The Coat of Arms most associated with the name has a shield of lozengy, gold and red, on a black chief the sun in his splendour, gold. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Abraham, which was dated 1197, in the pipe rolls of Northamptonshire, during the reign of King Richard 1st, known as 'The Lionheart', 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Abrahams — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Brian Abrahams (* 1947), südafrikanisch britischer Jazzmusiker Elihu Abrahams (* 1927), US amerikanischer Festkörperphysiker Gerald Abrahams (1907–1980), britischer Schachspieler und komponist sowie Autor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAMS — ABRAHAMS, family of English athletes. SIR ADOLPHE ABRAHAMS (1883–1967), physician and author, studied at Cambridge, where he was sculling champion (1904–05). During World War I he was a major in the Royal Medical Corps and subsequently held… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAMS — ABRAHAMS, family of English rabbis and scholars. ABRAHAM SUZMAN (c. 1801–1880) migrated from Poland to England in 1837, becoming principal shoḥet in London in 1839. He spent the end of his life in Palestine. He wrote an autobiography Zekhor le… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abrahams —   [ eɪbrəhæmz], Peter, südafrikanischer Schriftsteller englischer Sprache, * Vrededorp (heute zu Johannesburg) 19. 3. 1919; verließ 1939 seine Heimat, organisierte 1946 mit anderen in Manchester die »Pan African Conference« und lebt seit 1957 in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abrahams — Abrahams, Peter …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abrahams — (Peter) (né en 1919) écrivain sud africain d expression anglaise; métis, il a peint dans ses oeuvres autobiographiques (Je ne suis pas un homme libre, 1954) et romanesques (Une couronne pour Udomo, 1956; Cette île entre autres, 1966) les conflits …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abrahams — Robert, U.S. physician, 1861–1935. See A. sign …   Medical dictionary

  • Abrahams — /ˈeɪbrəhæmz/ (say aybruhhamz) noun 1. Louis, 1852–1903, Australian painter and etcher, born in England; noted for watercolours. 2. Peter Graham, born 1919, South African novelist and short story writer; noted for works critical of apartheid …   Australian English dictionary

  • Abrahams — …   Useful english dictionary

  • ABRAHAMS, ISRAEL — (1858–1925), English scholar. In 1902 he was appointed reader in rabbinic and talmudic literature at Cambridge, succeeding solomon schechter . He played a considerable role in the university, both personal and scholastic, and had some… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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