Enos


Enos
This very unusual surname would seem to have been first recorded (see below) in the 17th century. As such it is a developed form of an earlier name. Either 'Enos' is of Olde English pre 7th century origins and a dialectal of 'Earn' meaning the 'eagle', or it is again dialectal, but of Olde French origins from the female 'Anes'. The latter was introduced by the Normans after 1066 and like Ann(e) is a development of Agnes, itself of Greek origins and meaning 'pure and chaste'. 'Earn' was a nickname for somebody of bold or courageous disposition, possibly a warrior or messenger, certainly a person of forceful character. The national sport of the medieval period seems to have been that of devising names which were often satirical, usually robust, and regularly obscene! It is not easy to explain why name spelling changes occur, except to say that only one in ten of the pre 19th century population could read, and local dialects were much more pronounced than now. It is said that William Shakespeare himself spelt his name in four different ways. In this case we have early examples of the recordings as follows - Elizabeth Eanis who married John Hooke at the church of St Christopher Le Stocks, London, on September 22nd 1588, and Ricardus Enos who married Maria Taylor at the famous church of St Martins in the Fields, Westminster, on November 24th 1630. This was possibly the first recording in the 'modern' spelling. Later examples are Mary Enos, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Enos, christened at St Sepulchre Church, London on May 6th 1740, and Charles James Enos, son of Charles and Honor Enos, christened at St James Church, Paddington, on July 4th 1832. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Anneys, which was dated 1296, in the Charter Rolls of the County of Sussex, during the reign of King Edward 1, 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Enos — or Enosh, (Hebrew: אֱנוֹשׁ, Standard unicode|Enoš , Tiberian unicode|ʼĔnôš ; mortal man; sick ) may mean: criptural*Enos (biblical figure), a genealogical figure in the Bible. *The Book of Enos, one of the books that make up The Book of Mormon… …   Wikipedia

  • Enos — ist der Berg Enos auf der griechischen Insel Kefalonia, eine alternative Bezeichnung für den biblischen Namen Enosch. Träger ist zum einen der älteste Sohn von Set, einem Sohn von Adam und Eva, zum anderen der Verfasser des Buches Enosch. ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enós — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Enós o Enosh (del hebreo אֱנוֹשׁ hombre) es el nombre de un personaje bíblico que habría sido hijo de Set y nieto de Adán. Enós es considerado el iniciador de la religión o culto a Dios, pues Génesis 4:26 dice que, a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Enos — masc. proper name, in O.T. son of Seth, from Gk. Enos, from Heb. Enosh, lit. man (Cf. nashim women, Arabic ins men, people ) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Enos — [ē′nəs] n. [Gr Enōs < Heb enosh, lit., man, mankind] 1. a masculine name 2. Bible a son of Seth: Gen. 4:26 …   English World dictionary

  • Enos [1] — Enos, Stadt am gleichnamigen Meerbusen des Ägäischen Meeres, im Sandschak Galipoli des türkischen Ejalets Edirné od. Adrianopel; guter Hafen, bedeutender Handel mit Seide, Wachs, Wolle, Baumwolle, Kameelhaaren, Saffian u. dgl., Fischerei (Aale,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Enos [2] — Enos, Sohn Seths, Vater Kenans …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Enos — (im Altertum Aenos), Hafenstadt im türk. Wilajet Adrianopel, in fieberreicher Gegend, unweit der Mündung der Maritza, hat eine Zitadelle aus byzantinischer Zeit, mehrere Schulen und 7–8000 meist griech. Einwohner, die Handel mit Wolle, Baumwolle …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Enos — Enos, im Altertum Änos, Hafenstadt im türk. thraz. Wilajet Adrianopel, am Ägäischen Meere, ca. 7000 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Enos — Enos, türk. Stadt am Meerbusen gleichen Namens und an der Mündung der schiffbaren Maritza (Hebrus) mit 7000 E., lebhafter Ausfuhr; ein durch seine Lage sehr wichtiger strateg. Platz …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Enos — m Biblical: name (meaning ‘mankind’ in Hebrew) borne by a son of Seth and grandson of Adam (Genesis 4: 26) who allegedly lived for nine hundred and five years. In Ireland this name has been used as an Anglicized form of the Gaelic name Aonghus… …   First names dictionary


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