England


England
This is not quite so obvious a name as it may first appear. It is a national regional surname, but its origins are Germanic, deriving from the tribes of North Germany known as the "Angles". These were the people who invaded the Eastern and Northern counties of Britain in the 5th and 6th Centuries, and thereby gave their name to East Anglia and subsequently "England". The word "Englise" was originally used by the British to distinguish Angles from Saxons, but by the time surnames were being created it may well have distinguished an "Englishman" as opposed to the native Celt in such areas as the border counties of Wales and Scotland. After 1066 the description may also have served to mark the difference between the Anglo-Saxon and the all-conquering Norman-French invaders of King William 1st. Early examples of the surname recordings include William de Engelond, in the 1295 Assize Rolls of Chester, a name which suggests that a village or site called 'Engelond' once existed somewhere, and John Ingelond in the 1327 Subsidy Rolls of the county of Essex. Later recordings include Joesph Ingland who married Anne Smith at St James church, Clerkenwell, London, on April 5th 1668, and George Pike England (1754 - 1814), who built the organ for Durham Cathedral. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Nicholas de Engelond which was dated 1260, in the rolls of the Assize Court of Cambridge, during the reign of King Henry III, known as 'The Frenchman', 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • England [2] — England (Gesch.). I. Älteste Zeit bis zur Ankunft der Römer 55 v. Chr. Die ältesten Nachrichten über die Bewohner E s stammen von Pytheas (320–330 v. Chr.) her, dessen Landsleute, die Massilier, auf dem Landwege eine Handelsverbindung mit Ictis… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • England — England …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • England — (hierzu die Karte »England und Wales«), Anglia, nach den Angelsachsen so genannt, der südliche Teil der Insel Großbritannien, umfaßt das eigentliche E. nebst den Küsteninseln, darunter Sheppey, Wight und die Scillyinseln. Politisch gehört dazu… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • England A — refers to England s developmental national teams in several sports. Players on these teams often graduate to slots on the appropriate senior national team. The phrase may refer to: *England A rugby league *England A cricket team *England Saxons,… …   Wikipedia

  • England — und Wales. Geologische Karte von England und Wales …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • England [1] — England (Engelland, Anglia, nach den Angelsachen [s.d.] so genannt; französisch Angleterre), 1) (a. Geogr.), s. Britannia; 2) (n. Geogr.), bisweilen für Britisches Reich überhaupt, s. Großbritannien; 3) Theil von Großbritannien, im N an… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • England — er en del af Storbritannien som iøvrigt består af Skotland, Wales og Nordirland samt en række mindre øer. Regent: Dronning Elizabeth II Hovedstad: London 7.230.000 indbyggere (1995) Historie England var romersk provins i årene 43 til cirka 400. I …   Danske encyklopædi

  • England — England, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 2972 Housing Units (2000): 1305 Land area (2000): 1.860856 sq. miles (4.819595 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.860856 sq. miles (4.819595 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • England, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 2972 Housing Units (2000): 1305 Land area (2000): 1.860856 sq. miles (4.819595 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.860856 sq. miles (4.819595 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • England — [iŋ′glənd; ] also [ iŋ′lənd] [ME Englonde, Yngelonde (with vowel change as in WING < ME weng) < OE Engla land, lit., land of the Angles (as opposed to the Saxons), hence England: see ANGLE] 1. division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain …   English World dictionary

  • England — [Basiswortschatz (Rating 1 1500)] Bsp.: • Der letzte Montag im August ist ein gesetzlicher Feiertag in England, Wales und in Nordirland …   Deutsch Wörterbuch


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.