This unusual and interesting name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational surname deriving from the place called Hartfield in East Sussex, near the town of East Grinstead. The place is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Hertevel" and "hertefeld", and means "the open land frequented by stags", derived from the Old English pre 7th Century "heorot", hart, stag, with "feld", pasture, open country, land cleared of forest but not yet brought into cultivation. Locational surnames were acquired especially by those former inhabitants of a place who had moved to another area, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. The surname development includes Madline Hartefeilde (1588, Surrey), and Ann Hortefield (1694, Kent), while the modern surname can be found as Hartfield, Heartfield and (H)earthfield. The marriage of Joan Heartfield and William Ornoy was recorded in Rumboldswyke, Sussex, on April 4th 1689. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Hartfeld (christening), which was dated March 8th 1559, at East Grinstead, Sussex, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, known as "Good Queen Bess", 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • HEARTFIELD (J.) — HEARTFIELD HELMUT HERZFELDE dit JOHN (1891 1968) Peintre allemand. Attiré très tôt par le marxisme, Heartfied, qui vit à Berlin depuis 1913, est influencé par George Grosz; celui ci l’introduit dans le groupe dadaïste en 1918. Avec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Heartfield —   [ hɑːtfiːld], John, eigentlich Helmut Hẹrzfeld, Grafiker und Bühnenbildner, * Berlin 19. 6. 1891, ✝ Berlin (Ost) 26. 4. 1968; Bruder von W. Herzfelde; ab 1918 Mitglied der KPD, Mitbegründer der Berliner Dada Gruppe. Er setzte die Fotomontage… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Heartfield — John Heartfield (DDR Briefmarke) John Heartfield (* 19. Juni 1891 in Berlin Schmargendorf; † 26. April 1968 in Ost Berlin; eigentlich Helmut Herzfeld (fälschlicherweise wird manchmal Helmut Herzfelde angegeben)) war ein deutscher Maler, Graphiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heartfield — John Heartfield Tombe de Heartfield au cimetière de Berlin. Helmut Herzfeld, dit John Heartfield. (Berlin Schmargendorf, 1891 Berlin, 1968) Artiste allemand, d abord peintre, puis photographe. Ses photomontages, dont il est le précurseur avec Geo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • HEARTFIELD, JOHN — (1891–1968), German photographer, graphic artist, and caricaturist; pioneer of artistic photomontage and collage. Born in Berlin as Helmut Herzfeld, he enrolled at the Munich Arts and Crafts School in 1908 and at the Berlin Arts and Crafts School …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Heartfield, John — born Helmut Herzfeld (1891 1968)    painter and pho tomonteur; best known for contributions to his brother s Communist leaning publishing firm, Malik Verlag. He was born in Berlin.* His father, the socialist poet Franz Herzfeld, was imprisoned in …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Heartfield, John — pseud. di Herzfeld, Helmut …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • John Heartfield — 15 Pf Sondermarke der DDR Post 1971 aus der Serie Berühmte Persönlichkeiten John Heartfield (* 19. Juni 1891 in Berlin Schmargendorf; † 26. April 1968 in Ost Berlin; eigentli …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Heartfield — Timbre à l effigie de John Heartfield …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Heartfield — (June 19, 1891–April 26, 1968) is the anglicized name of the German photomontage artist Helmut Herzfeld. He chose to call himself Heartfield in 1916, to criticize the rabid nationalism and anti British sentiment prevalent in Germany during World… …   Wikipedia

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