Earl

Recorded in many forms including Earl, Hurl, Harle, Hearle, Earle, Earles, Hurles and no doubt others, this is a surname of English pre 7th century origins. In its earliest form it indicated a freeman who was also a chief, and probably a successful warrior. Later after the Norman Invasion of 1066 it was introduced as an English rank of nobility, and seems to have been equivalent to the French rank of Count. However where it is recorded as a surname, it must be said that rarely were the original namebearers holders of the rank in question, although this may apply to the first nameholder. Surnames which appear to originate from the nobility are rarely what they seem, except in the case of Knight or Squire. These were terms that described a horse soldier. Those such as King, Queen, Prince, Earl and Bishop as examples, were given as an occupational name to an actor, one who played such a part in the popular travelling theatres or the annual pageants which wereheld in every town. The word 'earl' is probably from the Germanic 'jarl', although the same word in more or less the same spelling, is found in all early European languages. Early examples of the name recordings include Hervicus Herl of Cambridge in the year 1210, William Erl of Hampshire in 1230, and Hugh le Erl in the Fines Court of Suffolk county in 1255. On December 22nd 1679, Thomas Earls is listed as a landholder in the parish of Christchurch, Barbados, making him one of the earliest colonists in the New World. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Lefuin Eorl. This was dated 1095, in the records of the Abbey of Bury St. Edmunds, during the reign of King William 11nd, known as "Rufus", 1087 - 1100. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Earl — was the Anglo Saxon form and jarl the Scandinavian form of a title meaning chieftain and referring especially to chieftains set to rule a territory in a king s stead. In Scandinavia, it became obsolete in the Middle Ages and was replaced with… …   Wikipedia

  • Earl — 〈[ œ:l] m. 6; engl. Bez. für〉 Graf * * * Earl [ə:l ], der; s, s [engl. earl; vgl. ↑ Jarl]: engl. Bez. für: Graf. * * * I Earl …   Universal-Lexikon

  • EARL — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres   Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Earl 16 — Earl Sixteen Earl Sixteen (ou Earl 16), de son vrai nom Earl Daley, est un chanteur de reggae né à Kingston (Jamaïque) en 1958. Il n a jamais été un artiste de premier plan, même s il a interprété le classique Malcolm X, mais sa carrière connaît… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Earl — Earl, n. [OE. eorl, erl, AS. eorl man, noble; akin to OS. erl boy, man, Icel. jarl nobleman, count, and possibly to Gr. ? male, Zend arshan man. Cf. {Jarl}.] A nobleman of England ranking below a marquis, and above a viscount. The rank of an earl …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • earl — earl; earl·dom; earl·ship; Earl; …   English syllables

  • Earl — m English (mainly U.S.): from the English aristocratic title, originally a nickname parallel to DUKE (SEE Duke), KING (SEE King), etc. The title was first used in England in the 12th century, as an equivalent to the French comte count; it is from …   First names dictionary

  • Earl — Earl, NC U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 234 Housing Units (2000): 109 Land area (2000): 0.819678 sq. miles (2.122956 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.819678 sq. miles (2.122956… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Earl, NC — U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 234 Housing Units (2000): 109 Land area (2000): 0.819678 sq. miles (2.122956 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.819678 sq. miles (2.122956 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Earl — Earl, n. (Zo[ o]l.) The needlefish. [Ireland] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Earl [1] — Earl (spr. Ärl), englischer Adelstitel, unserem Grafen entsprechend u. dem dänischen Jarl verwandt. Seit Wilhelm dem Eroberer, welcher ihn einführte, bis auf Eduard III., welcher seinen Sohn, den Schwarzen Prinzen, 1355 zum Herzog (Duke) von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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