This noble and distinguished surname is of Scottish territorial origin from the lands of Douglas, south of Glasgow, in Lanarkshire, situated on the Douglas Water. These waters were so named from the Old Gaelic "dubh", dark or black, plus "glas", a rivulet or stream. The original stronghold of the Douglas family and their retainers lay in this area, and the Douglases were described by the historian Lang as "the great, turbulent, daring, and too often treacherous house". The fair principal stems of the family are: the old Douglas of Douglasdale (the Black Douglas), illustrious in the War of Independence: the line of Morton who were closely connected with Mary Queen of Scots: the house of Drumlanrig and Queensberry, and the House of Angus, the Red Douglas. The family also hold the titles, Earl of Douglas, Earl of Angus and Earl of Forfar. Among the one hundred notable namebearers mentioned in "The Dictionary of National Biography" is Sir James Douglas, "the good" (1286 - 1330), who set out on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, carrying the heart of the dead Robert Bruce. A Coat of Arms granted to Sir James' nephew, William, is a silver shield with a red man's heart, on a blue chief three silver stars. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Duglas, charter witness in Kelso, which was dated 1175, in the "Records of Kelso Abbey", Roxburghshire, during the reign of King William, known as "The Lion of Scotland", 1165 - 1214. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Douglass — may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Other uses 4 See also People Douglass (surname) …   Wikipedia

  • Douglass — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrew Ellicott Douglass (1867–1962), US amerikanischer Astronom Donald McNutt Douglass (1899–1975), US amerikanischer Architekt und Krimi Autor Dorothea Douglass (1878–1960), englische Tennisspielerin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DOUGLASS (F.) — DOUGLASS FREDERICK (1817 1895) Né esclave dans le Maryland, Frederick Douglass est considéré comme le père du Black Protest Movement, Mouvement de libération des Noirs aux États Unis. Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey naquit en 1817 dans le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Douglass — Douglass, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 1813 Housing Units (2000): 733 Land area (2000): 0.824684 sq. miles (2.135922 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.824684 sq. miles (2.135922 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Douglass, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 1813 Housing Units (2000): 733 Land area (2000): 0.824684 sq. miles (2.135922 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.824684 sq. miles (2.135922 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Douglass —   [ dʌgləs], Frederick, eigentlich F. Augustus Washington Bailey [ beɪlɪ], amerikanischer Abolitionist, * Tuckahoe (bei Easton, Maryland) Februar 1817, ✝ Washington (D. C.) 20. 2. 1895; lebte zunächst als Sklave, wurde nach seiner Flucht in den… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Douglass — (spr. döggläs), Frederick, nordamerikan. Mulatte, Redner und Schriftsteller, geb. 1817 von einer Sklavin in Maryland, gest. 20. Febr. 1895 in Anacostia, lernte trotz des Widerstandes, den sein Herr seinem Lerntrieb entgegensetzte, schreiben,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Douglass — [dug′ləs] Frederick (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey) 1817? 95; U.S. black leader, journalist, & statesman …   English World dictionary

  • Douglass — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Douglas. Patronyme Andrew Ellicott Douglass (1867 1962), astronome américain …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Douglass — Original name in latin Douglass Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 37.51946 latitude 97.01281 altitude 376 Population 1700 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Douglass — Douglas, Douglass Le plus souvent écossais, parfois irlandais, désigne celui qui est originaire d une localité portant le même nom. Sens du toponyme, fréquent en Irlande et en Ecosse et de formation gaélique : le cours d eau (glas) noir (dubh) …   Noms de famille

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