Dicke


Dicke
This interesting surname found equally in England and Scotland and occasionally in Ireland, is a medieval pet form of Richard, the second most popular baptismal name in the 11th and 12th Centuries. 'Richard' derives from the Old Germanic personal name 'Ric-hard' made up of the elements "ric", meaning power, and "-hard", brave and strong. Given a build up like this it is not surprising that the name was popular and particularly so with the Norman Invaders of 1066. Although first recorded in England in the 8th century, it was the exploits of Richard, Coeur de Lion, (Richard 1 of England 1189 - 1199) in the crusades of the 12th century which gave it the final seal of approval. It could be said that the popular academic interest of the Medieval Period was the development of nicknames and pet forms, and 'Richard' provided perhaps the greatest number of variants of all. The personal name of 'Dick' was first recorded in the 1220 Curia Rolls of Lancashire, when one Dicke Smith was mentioned and Dik de Hyde, was recorded in the Assize Court Rolls of Cheshire in 1286. Early examples of the surname recording include William Dik in the 1356 rolls of Gloucester, William Dykes in the 1362 pipe rolls of Norfolk, and William Dyckk, rector of Godwick in Norfolk in the year 1420. Amongst the many famous nameholders was Sir Alexander Dick of Edinburgh (1703 - 1785), the eminent physician, and Sir Robert Dick, who died leading his troops at the battle of Sobraon, India, in the Sikh War of 1846. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Richard Dic, which was dated Circa 1250, in the rolls of Colchester, Essex, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as 'The Frenchman' 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dicke — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: August Dicke (1859−1929), deutscher Kommunalpolitiker und Oberbürgermeister von Solingen Detlev Christian Dicke (1942–1992), Rechtswissenschaftler und Professor für Völkerrecht Elisabeth Dicke (1884−1952) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dicke — Dicke, eine der drei Dimensionen eines Körpers, s. Dick …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dicke — Dicke, auch Tiefe oder Höhe, s. Dimension …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dicke — Robert Henry …   Scientists

  • Dicke(r) — Dicke(r)→Fettwanst …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • Dicke — dick: Das altgerm. Adjektiv mhd. dic‹ke›, ahd. dicki, asächs. thikki, engl. thick, schwed. tjock ist verwandt mit der kelt. Sippe von air. tiug »dick«. Die weiteren Beziehungen sind unklar. Das Wort bedeutete früher sowohl »dicht« als auch »dick« …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Dicke — auf jeden Fall, bestimmt, durchaus, ein für alle Mal, endgültig, fraglos, in jedem Fall, natürlich, ohne Frage, so oder so, vollauf; (ugs.): allemal; (emotional): zweifellos; (bes. südd.): freilich. * * * Dicke:… …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • dicke — di·̣cke Adv; gespr; mehr als genug (besonders in Bezug auf Geld) <mit etwas dicke auskommen; von etwas dicke haben>: Du musst es aber dicke haben (= viel Geld haben), dass du dir das leisten kannst! …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • Dicke — Steifigkeit; Festigkeitsgrad; Festigkeit; Weite; Stärke; Umfang; Breite * * * Dị|cke I 〈f. 19〉 I.I 〈unz.〉 das Dicksein; Ggs …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Dicke — 1. Übernamen zu mhd., mnd. dicke »dicht, dick« für einen dicken Menschen. 2. Wohnstättennamen zu mhd. dicke »Dickicht«. 3. Niederdeutsche Wohnstättennamen zu mnd. dk »Teich, Deich«, vgl. Dieck. 4. Aus einer niederdeutschen Koseform von Dietrich… …   Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen


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