This famous surname derived from Mattathiah is recorded in over two hundred and fifty different spellings ranging from Mathieu of France to Macieiczyk of Poland. From medieval times it has been recorded in every part of Christendom. Its popularity throughout Europe first as a baptismal name and then later as a surname dates from the 11th century when Crusaders, otherwise known as the "Knights Templar", returning from one of their many expeditions to the Holy Land, gave it to their sons in commemoration of the fathers (unsuccessful) attempt to free Palestine from the Muslims. The origination is from the Hebrew male given name "Mattathiah" meaning "gift of the Lord", and it is recorded in the famous Norman-English Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Matthaeus' and in the French spelling 'Mathieu'. Neither of these recordings are surnames, but names of priests. Early examples of the surname recordings include Heinrich Matthaus of Uberlingen, Germany, in 1382, John Mathows of Whitby, England, in 1395, the patronymic Hugh Mathewman in the 1379 Poll Tax rolls of England, and a similar Clewi Mathisen of Freiburg, Germany, in the year 1475. Samuell Matthews was one of the earliest settlers in the New World of America. He is listed as 'living at the plantation by James Cittie' (Virginia), in February 1623. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Alan Mathew, which was dated 1260, in the Assize Rolls of Cambridge, England. This was during the reign of King Henry 111, known by the nickname of 'The Frenchman', who reigned from 1216 to 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vera Matović — Infobox Musical artist Name = Vera Matović Img capt = Img size = Background = solo singer Birth name = Vera Matović Alias = Born = Died = Origin = Čačak, Serbia, Yugoslavia Instrument = Genre = Folk Occupation = Singer Age = Years active = 1974… …   Wikipedia

  • Nationalrat der Slowakischen Republik — Das Hauptgebäude des Nationalrats, gleich neben der Burg Bratislava Der Nationalrat der Slowakischen Republik (slowakisch Národná rada Slovenskej republiky, oft verkürzt nach Národná rada, Abk. NR SR) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ordinary People (Slovakia) — Ordinary People (Slovak: Obyčajní Ľudia), abbreviated to OL, is a conservative political party in Slovakia. It ran four candidates on the list of the classical liberal Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) in the 2010 election to the National Council, and …   Wikipedia

  • Suicide Bombers Who's Next — The book, Suicide Bombers: Who’s Next , (2007; ISBN 978 86 908309 1 6; E book: ISBN ISBN 978 86 908309 2 3) by Violeta Matović, illuminates the dark part of suicide terrorism, which more than two decades stands in the shadow of a branchy tree… …   Wikipedia

  • Moja Republika — Моја Република English: My Republic Moja Republika Sub National anthem of Republika Srpska an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina Lyrics Mladen Matović (Младен Матовић), 2008 …   Wikipedia

  • Nationalist terrorism — Terrorism Definitions · Counter terrorism International conventions Anti terrorism legislation Terrorism insurance …   Wikipedia

  • Otpor! — logo Otpor! (Serbian Cyrillic: Отпор!, English: Resistance!) was a civic youth movement that existed as such from 1998 until 2003 in Serbia (then a federal unit within FR Yugoslavia), employing nonviolent struggle against the regime of Slobodan… …   Wikipedia

  • Heinrich James — Heinrich James, born in England, has been a TV and film dramatic actor in the United States since 1990. His first major break occurred when he was cast as a Nazi agent in the Disney feature The Rocketeer . This got earned him a major role in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Montenegrin records in athletics — The following are the national records in athletics in Montenegro maintained by the Atletski Savez Crne Gore (ASCG). Contents 1 Outdoor 1.1 Men 1.2 Women 2 Indoor …   Wikipedia

  • Chess engine — A chess engine is a computer program that can play the game of chess. Contents 1 Interface 2 Protocols 3 Increasing strength 4 Comparisons …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.