- This interesting name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational surname deriving from either of two places called Crossley in West Yorkshire. The places are named with the Olde English pre 7th Century elements "cros", cross, and "leah", meadow or glade, clearing in a wood, which in Middle English became "Crosslee", meaning "the cross in the glade or meadow". The modern surname, found as Crossley and Crosley, is still found predominantly in Yorkshire and the northern counties, and has long been associated with the town of Halifax. Sir Francis Crossley (1817 - 1872), the carpet manufacturer, and Mayor, then M. P. for Halifax, was also a philanthropist who, for the people of the town, erected almshouses, built an orphan school and presented a park, between 1852 and 1860. A Coat of Arms granted to the Crossley family of Scaitcliffe, Lancashire, is divided per chevron gold and green, in chief a cross tau between two red crosses moline fitchee, in base a silver hind troppant charged upon the shoulder with a cross tau of the third. A silver hind's head couped holding in the mouth a cross moline fitchee, and charged upon the breast with a red cross tau is on the Crest. The Motto, "Credo et amo", translates as, "I believe and love". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Johannes de Crosselay, which was dated 1379, in the "Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Richard 11, known as "Richard of Bordeaux", 1377 - 1399. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Surnames reference. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Crossley — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Geoffrey Crossley (1921–2002), englischer Automobilrennfahrer Geoffrey Allan Crossley (* 1920), britischer Diplomat Kevin Crossley Holland (* 1941), britischer Jugendbuchautor Mark Crossley (* 1969),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Crossley — For people named Crossley, see Crossley (surname). Crossley, based in Manchester, United Kingdom, was a pioneering company in the production of internal combustion engines. Since 1988 it has been part of the Rolls Royce Power Engineering group.… … Wikipedia
Crossley — /ˈkrɒzli/ (say krozlee) noun 1. Ada Jemima, 1871–1929, Australian born contralto singer in London. 2. George, 1749–1823, Australian convict and pioneer solicitor, born in London … Australian English dictionary
Crossley Motors — Crossley 20/25, Baujahr 1909 Crossley ist ein ehemaliger britischer Hersteller von Automobilen, Bussen und Nutzfahrzeugen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Crossley Motors — Fate Acquired and closed down Successor AEC Founded 1906 Defunct 1958 … Wikipedia
Crossley (surname) — Crossley is a surname, and may refer to: Ada Crossley (1874 1929), Australian singer Andrew Crossley, comics artist Anthony Crossley (1903 1939), British writer and Conservative Party politician Bob Crossley (born 1912), English abstract artist… … Wikipedia
Crossley Brothers — Crossley No. 1, Einzylinder Gasmotor mit 4,5 PS Leistung, Baujahr 1886 Crossley Brothers aus Manchester war ein Pionier in der Herstellung von Verbrennungsmotoren. Seit 1988 ist das Unternehmen Teil der Rolls Royce Power Engineering Group.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Crossley's Vanga — Conservation status Least Concern& … Wikipedia
Crossley Hotel Melbourne by Mercure (The) (Melbourne) — Crossley Hotel Melbourne by Mercure (The) country: Australia, city: Melbourne (Chinatown) Crossley Hotel Melbourne by Mercure (The) Location Located in the heart of the entertainment precinct of the city, Crossley Hotel Melbourne by Mercure is an … International hotels
Crossley Hospital — might refer to: Crossley Hospital, Ancoats A Salvation Army Maternity hospital in Ancoats, Manchester. Crossley Hospital East A tuberculosis sanatorium in Delamere Forest, Cheshire, also known as the Manchester Sanitorium. Crossley Hospital West… … Wikipedia