Crossman


Crossman
Recorded in several spellings including Cross, Crosse, du Cross and Crossman, this is an English surname. It derives from the pre 7th century Old Norse word "kross", which in Middle English comprehensively displaced the Olde English form of "cruc". As a surname it has several possible origins. The first is that it may have been topographical for someone who lived near a stone cross set up by the roadside or in a market place. In a few instances the surname may have been given originally to someone who lived by a crossroads, but this sense of the word seems to have been a comparatively late development. Finally, in other cases the surname may have denoted one who carried the cross in processions of the Christian Church. Early examples of the name include Richard del Crosse, recorded in 1285 in the Assize Court Rolls of Lancashire; and Phillip Crosman of Somerset in the Subsidy Rolls of that county in 1327. John Cross, aged 18 years, was convicted of being a Monmouth rebel and was transported to the Barbadoes in 1685. His final fate is not known. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Humfrey de Cruce. This was dated 1273, in the "Hundred Rolls of Oxfordshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

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  • Crossman — may refer to: People Abdiel Crossman Craig Crossman Doug Crossman Frank Crossman Garrett Crossman Kimberley Crossman Mervyn Crossman Pat Crossman Richard Crossman Samuel Crossman William Crossman Places Crossman, Western Australia Crossman Pond …   Wikipedia

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  • Crossman, Samuel — (?1624 1684)    A clergyman, educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge, from where he graduated in 1660. He was ejected from the rectory of Little Henny in Essex in 1662 because he wanted to have the Book of Common Prayer adapted to suit Puritans… …   British and Irish poets

  • Richard Crossman — The Right Honourable Richard Crossman OBE Secretary of State for Social Services In office 1 November 1968 – 19 June 1970 Prime Minister Harold Wilson …   Wikipedia

  • R.H.S. Crossman — Richard Howard Stafford Crossman, auch Dick Crossman bzw. R.H.S. Crossman (* 15. Dezember 1907 in Cropredy, Oxfordshire; † 5. April 1974 in Banbury) war ein britischer Autor, Spezialist für Psychologische Kriegführung und Politiker. Als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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