This interesting name is of early medieval English and French origin, and is an occupational surname for the bearer of a cross or a bishop's crook in ecclesiastical processions, or of the cross at a monastery. The name might also have been used of someone who made and sold crosses or to someone living by a cross. The surname derives from the Middle English and Old French word "Croisier" or "Crocier", originally an agent derivative of the Old French "Crois", cross, but later associated also with "Croce" meaning "crook". Job descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer, and later became hereditary. The early recordings of the surname are usually found as "Croyser", while the modern forms are "Crozier, Crosier and Crosser". Joseph Crozier was christened on the 30th March 1713 at St. Botolph, Bishopsgate in London. The Coat of Arms most associated with the name has the blazon of a blue shield, on a silver fess between three gold crosses crosslet placed saltireways, as many black martlets. The Crest being an arm vested erect holding a gold crosier. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William le Croyser, which was dated 1264, in the "Eynsham Cartulary", during the reign of King Henry 111, known as "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

(of an archbishop)

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  • Crosier — • The Pastoral Staff is an ecclesiastical ornament which is conferred on bishops at their consecration and on mitred abbots at their investiture, and which is used by these prelates in performing certain solemn functions Catholic Encyclopedia.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Crosier — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Crosier est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Eric Crozier (1914 1994), un auteur et scénariste britannique, Francis Crozier (1796 1848?), un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Crosier — Cro sier (kr? zh?r), n. [OE. rocer, croser, croyser, fr. croce crosier, OF. croce, croche, F. crosse, fr. LL. crocea, crocia, from the same German or Celtic sourse as F. croc hook; akin to E. crook.] The pastoral staff of a bishop (also of an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • crosier — crosier. = crozier (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • crosier — crosier. См. крючок [аскогенной гифы]. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • crosier — [krō′zhər] n. [ME crocer < OFr crocier, bearer of a staff < croce, bishop s staff < ML crocia < Frank * krukja (akin to CRUTCH); prob. infl. by assoc. with OFr croc, hook, hooked staff (< ON krōkr: see CROOK)] 1. a staff with a… …   English World dictionary

  • Crosier — For other uses, see Crosier (disambiguation). Western crosier of Archbishop Heinrich of Finstingen, 1260 1286. A crosier (crozier, pastoral staff, paterissa, pósokh) is the stylized staff of office (pastoral staff) carried by high ranking… …   Wikipedia

  • crosier — or crozier noun Etymology: Middle English crocer crosier bearer, from Anglo French crosser, from croce, crosse crosier, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English crycc crutch more at crutch Date: 15th century 1. a staff resembling a shepherd s… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • crosier — crosiered, adj. /kroh zheuhr/, n. 1. a ceremonial staff carried by a bishop or an abbot, hooked at one end like a shepherd s crook. See illus. under cope2. 2. Bot. the circinate young frond of a fern. Also, crozier. [1350 1400; short for crosier… …   Universalium

  • crosier — noun /ˈkrəʊziə,ˈkrəʊʒə,ˈkroʊʒɚ/ a) A staff with a hooked end similar to a shepherds crook, or with a cross at the end, carried by an abbot, bishop, or archbishop as a symbol of office. b) A young fern frond …   Wiktionary

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