Crosby


Crosby
This long-established and distinguished surname, having no less than seventeen Coats of Arms, and with several notable entries in the "Dictionary of National Biography", is of Old Scandinavian origin, and is a locational name from any of the various places in Northern England and Southern Scotland that get their names from the Old Norse "kross", cross (usually a stone cross set up by the roadside or near a settlement), and "byr", enclosure, settlement. These places include: Crosby near Maryport in Cumberland, also Crosby upon Eden, and High and Low Crosby in that county; Little Crosby in Lancashire, recorded as "Crosebi" in the Domesday Book of 1086; Crosby Garret (Westmorland); and Crosbie in Ayrshire. Early examples of the surname from Scotland include: Iuone de Crosseby, who witnessed a charter by Robert de Bruys to Arbroath Abbey, circa 1178, and Walterus de Crosby, a charter witness at Lamberton in 1332. In 1379, one Thomas de Crosby was entered in the Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire, and in 1383, Henry Crosseby, witness, was noted in the Assize Court Rolls of Warwickshire. Sir John Crosby was sheriff of London in 1470, and Brass Crosby, lord mayor of London (1770), became president of Bethlehem Hospital in 1772. Early namebearers to settle in America were Symon Crosby, aged 26 yrs., his wife, Ann, aged 25 yrs., and son, Thomas, aged 8 weeks, who embarked from London on the ship "Susan and Ellin" bound for New England in April 1635. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Gillemichel de Crossebi, which was dated 1176, in the "Pipe Rolls of Westmorland", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Surnames reference. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crosby — may refer to: Contents 1 Geography 2 People 3 Ships 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Crosby — ist der Name mehrerer Orte: in England liegt Crosby im Metropolitan County Merseyside auf der Isle on Man liegt der Ort Crosby in den Vereinigten Staaten: Crosby (Alabama) Crosby (Arkansas) Crosby (Maryland) Crosby (Minnesota) Crosby… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crosby — Crosby, Stills, Nash Young Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Crosby, Stills Nash (and Young) Origen: California, Estados Unidos Estilos: Rock and Roll Folk Rock …   Wikipedia Español

  • Crosby — Crosby, ND U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 1089 Housing Units (2000): 637 Land area (2000): 1.348465 sq. miles (3.492508 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.348465 sq. miles (3.492508… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Crosby, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 2299 Housing Units (2000): 1081 Land area (2000): 3.044901 sq. miles (7.886258 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.616262 sq. miles (1.596110 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.661163 sq. miles (9.482368 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Crosby, MS — U.S. town in Mississippi Population (2000): 360 Housing Units (2000): 157 Land area (2000): 2.123905 sq. miles (5.500888 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.007396 sq. miles (0.019156 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.131301 sq. miles (5.520044 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Crosby, ND — U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 1089 Housing Units (2000): 637 Land area (2000): 1.348465 sq. miles (3.492508 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.348465 sq. miles (3.492508 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Crosby, TX — U.S. Census Designated Place in Texas Population (2000): 1714 Housing Units (2000): 743 Land area (2000): 2.260603 sq. miles (5.854935 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.260603 sq. miles (5.854935 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Crosby —   [ krɔzbɪ], Bing, eigentlich Harry Lillis Crosby, amerikanischer Sänger und Filmschauspieler, * Tacoma (Washington) 2. 5. 1904, ✝ Madrid 14. 10. 1977; sang 1926 29 im Paul Whiteman Orchestra, seit 1930 v. a. im Rundfunk und in Filmen; besonders… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Crosby — [krôz′bē, kräz′bē] Bing [biŋ] (born Harry Lillis Crosby) 1904 77; U.S. popular singer & film actor …   English World dictionary

  • Crosby — (Great C.), Stadt und Badeort, 10 km nordwestlich von Liverpool (Lancashire), mit (1901) 7555 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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